Carbon nanotubes paste sensor modified with bismuth film for determination of metallic ions in ethanol fuel

Felipe Augusto Gorla, Fernanda Midori de Oliveira, Eduardo H. Duarte, Ana E. P. de Mattos, Elisângela Tavares da Silva, Olívio F. Galão, Dionísio Borsato, Mariana G. Segatelli, Cesar Ricardo Teixeira Tarley



In the present study an anodic stripping voltammetric method using a bismuth film modified carbon nanotubes paste electrode for simultaneous determination of metals Zn2+, Cd2+and Pb2+in ethanol fuel is described. The metallic ions were preconcentrated on the bismuth film in the time and deposition potential of 500 s and -1.2 V and the stripping step was carried out by square wave voltammetry (frequency of 15 Hz, pulse amplitude of 25 mV and potential step of 5 mV). Acetate buffer at 0.1 mol L-1concentration and pH 4.5 was used as support electrolyte. The method showed linearity including the analytical blank up to 48.39 ?g L-1 for the metals and the obtained limits of detection were 3.36, 0.32 and 0.47 ?g L-1for Zn2+, Cd2+and Pb2+, respectively. The proposed method was applied in ethanol fuel samples.


Bismuth film; Carbon nanotubes; Toxic metals; Anodic stripping voltammetry


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.