Effect of microbial inoculant on the fermentation profile, nutritional value and microbial population on corn, sorghum, and pearl millet silages

Sarah Ellen Eduardo Bernardo, Paulo Henrique Borgati Chrisostomo, Michele Gabriel Camilo, Danielle Ferreira Baffa, Elizabeth Fonsêca Processi, Alberto Magno Fernandes, Tadeu Silva de Oliveira


The objective of the present study was to evaluate the use of microbial inoculant on the chemical composition, in vitro gas production, pH, dry matter losses, aerobic stability and microbial population on silages of corn, sorghum and pearl millet in plastic bags silos (without vacuum). The experiment was carried out in a randomized block design, in a 2 × 3 factorial scheme, with and without (control) inoculant consisting of Lactobacillus plantarum and Propionibacterium acidipropionici and on three crops, corn, sorghum and pearl millet, with four replicates. The use of the inoculant did not affect the chemical composition of the silages, except the crude protein (P = 0.0062) and lignin (P = 0.0567) contents. Gas production was neither affected (P > 0.05) by the inoculant nor by the crop. Regarding aerobic stability, we observed that the inoculant affected the temperature of the sorghum silage (P = 0.0123). The inoculant decreased the N-NH3 (P =0.0095) content and increased (P = 0.0441) the lactic acid bacteria population in the silages. Thus, the microbial inoculant did not improve the fermentation profile or nutritional value of corn, pearl millet and sorghum silages in plastic bag silos (without vacuum).


Conservation; Fermentation capacity; Inoculant; Lactic acid bacteria.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2022v43n3p1197

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
E-mail:  semina.agrarias@uel.br
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