Molecular screening of Bartonella in free-ranging capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) from Paraná State, Southern Brazil

Nelson Jessé Rodrigues dos Santos, Renan Bressianini do Amaral, Luiz Ricardo Gonçalves, Rogério Ribas Lange, Juan Carlos Moreno Duque, Flávia Carolina Meira Collere, Larissa Dantas Roeder Ferrari, Thállitha Samih Wischral Jayme Vieira, Marcos Rogério André, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira

Abstract


Bartonella is an emerging group of facultative intracellular bacteria causing circulatory and systemic disorders. Hosts for Bartonella are mostly mammals, specifically rodents, having a growing number of Bartonella species related to their infection. Capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) are abundant native rodents of Brazil, commonly found in urban parks. In the present study, we aimed to perform molecular screening of capybaras for Bartonella spp. Blood samples were collected from 17 free-ranging animals captured in Paraná State, Southern Brazil. None of the collected samples tested positive for the Bartonella-nuoG gene by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), although all of them successfully amplified the mammal endogenous glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gapdh) gene. Additionally, all animals were infested exclusively by Amblyomma dubitatum ticks at the time of sampling. This study was part of an active surveillance program, which is critical for monitoring animal health status, particularly in capybaras.

Keywords


Amblyomma dubitatum; bartonellosis; wild rodents

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2022v43n2p889

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
E-mail:  semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional