Chemical and microbiological changes in the soil mediated by different vegetative coverings in a Natal orange orchard

Gabriel Danilo Shimizu, Jean Carlo Baudraz de Paula, Adriana Pereira da Silva, Camilla de Andrade Pacheco, Fernando Alves de Azevedo, Leandro Simões Azeredo Gonçalves, Carmen Silvia Vieira Janeiro Neves

Abstract


Proper soil cover management for citrus cultivation can contribute to increased productivity and improved soil quality. This study examined five different vegetative coverings [Urochloa brizantha; U. decumbens, U. ruziziensis, spontaneous vegetation, and herbicide application (glyphosate) in the total area] in the inter rows of a Natal orange orchard [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] grafted on the Swingle citrumelo (C. paradisi × Poncirus trifoliata). Their effects on the microbiological and chemical attributes of the soil and the vegetative development in the orchard were examined. Chemical (Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, P, pH, H+Al, CECpH7, base saturation, and OM) and microbiological (carbon and nitrogen of microbial biomass, basal respiration, and metabolic quotient) soil attributes in the rows and inter-rows were evaluated for the orchard in 2018 and 2019. There was a significant difference for most variables in the 2 years studied, emphasizing 2019 for microbiological parameters and OM, with the latter being 14.8% lower in the treatment with glyphosate in the total area compared to the treatment with spontaneous vegetation. The results showed the benefits of vegetation cover with brachiaria in inter-rows of the Natal sweet orange orchard in the chemical and microbiological attributes of the soil, especially in carbon and nitrogen of the microbial biomass.

Keywords


Conservation agriculture; Citrus sinensis; Glyphosate; Urochloa.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2022v43n1p331

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
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DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
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