Main causes of cattle slaughter condemnation under the state sanitary inspection in Bahia, Brazil

Juliana Sant'Ana Falcão Leite, Rafael Sepulveda Fonsêca Trevisan Passos, Thiago da Matta Pires Cruz, Brenno Guimarães Barreto, Maurício Costa Alves da Silva, Carlos Pasqualin Cavalheiro

Abstract


Slaughter condemnations are important sources of information on cattle health and handling. The aim of this study was to evaluate the main causes of condemnation of cattle slaughter under the state sanitary inspection by the Diretoria de Inspeção de Produtos de Origem Agropecuária (DIPA) of Agência de Defesa Agropecuária da Bahia (ADAB), in Bahia, Brazil. A retrospective data of all cattle slaughtered from 2012 to 2019 was obtained from DIPA – ADAB. During this period, 4,635,615 cattle were slaughtered and 1,452,472 (31.33%) condemnations were registered to have occurred at varying levels in all regions of the state. The more condemned organs were kidneys and lungs; and the main causes of condemnation were nephritis (11.79%), congestion (11.20%), emphysema (10.72%), blood aspiration (8.36%), renal cysts (5.75%), and abscesses (5.71%). However, other condemnation causes such as cysticercosis, fasciolosis, and tuberculosis were observed at lower rates. Results showed that the main causes of condemnation of cattle slaughter were not related to zoonotic diseases instead were more involved in partial condemnation of organs.

Keywords


Congestion; Economic loss; Emphysema; Meat inspection; Nephritis.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2022v43n1p61

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
E-mail:  semina.agrarias@uel.br
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