Effects of different banana crop residue hays on ensiling BRS capiaçu grass on fermentation profile, aerobic stability and nutritional value of silage

Ariadne Freitas Silva, Flávio Pinto Monção, João Paulo Sampaio Rigueira, Vicente Ribeiro Rocha Júnior, Amanda Maria Silva Alencar, Cinara da Cunha Siqueira Carvalho, Carlos Juliano Brant Albuquerque, Fredson Vieira e Silva, Renan Lucas Miorin, Eleuza Clarete Junqueira de Sales

Abstract


The objective of this study was to evaluate the BRS capiaçu grass silage combined with different hays of banana crop residue on fermentation profile, aerobic stability and nutritional value. The treatments consisted of elephant grass cv. BRS capiaçu (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) ensiled with 37.44% banana peel hay, 36.06% banana pseudostem hay and 37.00% banana leaf hay, on a dry matter (DM) basis and control silage (no additive). The experimental design used was completely randomized, with five treatments and five replicates. Forage was collected when it reached 3.5 meters in height (90 days). Experimental PVC silos of known weight, 50 cm long, 10 cm diameter, were used for silage making. For all treatments, silage aerobic stability breakdown started after 64 hours exposure to air. The BRS capiaçu grass control silage or silage combined with pseudostem hay (mean of 73.15 kg t GM-1) presented effluent losses 40.46% higher than those observed for BRS capiaçu grass silage + banana leaf hay and 69.17% in relation the BRS capiaçu grass silage + banana peel hay. The inclusion of banana crop residue (hay) when ensiling BRS capiaçu grass decreased 13.93% gas losses compared to the control silage (mean of 3.11% DM). Higher values of total digestible nutrients, metabolizable energy and digestible energy content was found in BRS capiaçu grass silage + with banana peel hay. The greater in vitro dry matter digestibility and in vitro neutral detergent fiber digestibility was observed for BRS capiaçu grass silage combined with pseudostem hay. The inclusion of 37.44% banana peel hay improves the fermentation profile and aerobic stability of BRS capiaçu grass silage.

Keywords


pH; Effluent losses; Musa spp; Elephant grass; Digestibility; Residues.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agricultural and Food Research Council (1993). Energy and protein requirements of ruminants. Walligford: CAB International.

Bolsen, K. K. (2018). Silage review: safety considerations during silage making and feeding. Journal of Dairy Science, 101(5), 4122-4131. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13738

Borreani, G., Tabacco, E., Schmidt, R. J., Holmes, B. J., & Muck, R. E. (2018).Silage review: factors affecting dry matter and quality losses in silages. Journal of Dairy Science, 101(1), 3952-3979. doi: 10. 3168/jds.2017-13837

Brant, L. M. S., Pimentel, P. R. S., Rigueira, J. P. S., Alves, D. D., Carvalho, M. A. M., & Alves, W. S. (2017). Fermentative characteristics and nutritional value of elephant grass silage added with dehydrated banana peel. Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences, 39(2), 123-129. doi: 10.4025/ actascianimsci.v39i2.33925

Brüning, D., Gerlach, K., Weiß, K., & Südekum, K.-H. (2017). Effect of compaction, delayed sealing and aerobic exposure on maize silage quality and on formation of volatile organic compounds. Grass and Forage Science, 73(1), 53-66. doi: 10.1111/gfs.12288

Detmann, E., Souza, M. A., Valadares, S. C., Fº., Queiroz, A. C., Berchielli, T. T., Saliba, E. O. S.,... Azevedo, J. A. G. (2012). Métodos para análise de alimentos. Visconde do Rio Branco, MG: Suprema.

Goes, R. H. T. B., Patussi, R. A., Gandra, J. R., Branco, A. F., Cardoso, T. J. L., Oliveira, M. V. M.,... Souza, C. J. S. (2017). The crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst) byproducts, can be used as a source of non-degradable protein in the rumen? Bioscience Journal, 33(1), 113-120. doi: 10.14393/BJ-v33n1a2017-33 105

Jesus, M. A., Monção, F. P., Rigueira, J. P. S., Rocha, V. R., Jr., Gomes, V. M., Delvaux, N. A., Jr.,... Santos, A. S. (2021). Effects of microbial inoculant and fibrolytic enzymes on fermentation quality and nutritional value of BRS capiaçu grass silage. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 42(3), 1-13. doi: 10.5433/16 79-0359.2021v42n3Supl1p1837

Jobim, C. C., Nussio, L. G., Reis, R. A., & Schmidt, P. (2007). Avanços metodológicos na avaliação da qualidade de forragem conservada. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 36(1), 101-119. doi: 10.1590/S151 6-35982007001000013

Kung, L., Jr., Shaver, R. D., Grant, R. J., & Schmidt, R. J. (2018). Silage review: interpretation of chemical, microbial, and organoleptic components of silages. Journal of Dairy Science, 101(1), 4020-4033. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13909

Mertens, D. R., & Loften, J. R. (1980). The effects of starch on forage fiber digestion kinetics in vitro. Journal of Dairy Science, 63(9), 1437-1446. doi: 10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(80)83101-8

Monção, F. P., Costa, M. A. M. S., Rigueira, J. P. S., Moura, M. M. A., Rocha, V. R., Jr., Mesquita, V. G.,... Chamone, J. M. A. (2019). Yield and nutritional value of BRS Capiaçu grass at different regrowth ages. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 41(5), 745-755. doi: 10.5433/1679-0359.2019v40n5p2045

Monção, F. P., Costa, M. A. M. S., Rigueira, J. P. S., Sales, E. C. J., Leal, D. B., Silva, M. F. P.,... Rocha, V. R., Jr. (2020a). Productivity and nutritional value of BRS capiaçu grass (Pennisetum purpureum) managed at four regrowth ages in a semiarid region. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 52(1), 235-241. doi: 10.1007/s11250-019-02012-y

Monção, F. P., Rocha, V. R., Jr., Silva, J. T., Jesus, N. G., Marques, O. F. C., Rigueira, J. P. S.,... Leal, D. B. (2020b). Nutritional value of BRS capiaçu grass (Pennisetum purpureum) silage associated with cactus pear. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 10(1), 25-29. Retrieved from http://ijas.iaurasht.ac.ir/ article_671563.html

Muck, R. E., Nadeau, M. G., McAllister, T. A., Contreras-Govea, F. E., Santos, M. C., & Kung, L., Jr. (2018). Silage review: recent advances and future uses of silage additives. Journal of Dairy Science, 101(5), 3980-4000. doi: 10.3168/jds.2017-13839

National Research Council (2001). Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle (7nd rev. ed.). Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Noel, R. J. & Hambleton, L. G. (1976). Collaborative study of a semiautomated method for determination of crude protein in animal feeds. Journal of the AOAC, 59(1)134-140.

Ørskov, E. R., & Mcdonald, I. (1979). The estimation of degradability in the rumen form incubation measurement weighted according to rate of passage. Journal of Agricultural Science, 92(2), 499-508. doi: 10.1017/S0021859600063048

Paula, P. R. P., Neiva, A. P., Jr., Souza, W. L., Abreu, M. J. I., Teixeira, R. M. A., Cappelle, E. R., & Tavares, V. B. (2020). Composição bromatológica da silagem de capim- elefante BRS capiaçu com inclusão fubá de milho. PUBVET, 14(10), 1-11. doi: 10.31533/pubvet.v14n10a682.1-11

Pereira, A. V., Lédo, F. J. S., & Machado, J. C. (2017). BRS Kurumi and BRS capiaçu - new elephant grass cultivars for grazing and cut-and-carry system. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 17(1), 59-62. doi: 10.1590/1984-70332017v17n1c9

Rabelo, W. O., Rocha, V. R., Jr., Monção, F. P., Costa, N. M., Rigueira, J. P. S., Souza, B. P.,... Pires, D. A. A. (2020). Effect of different roughage sources associated banana pseudostem hay on the nutritional and behavioral parameters and performance of F1 Holstein/Zebu lactation cows. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 52(6), 3769-3780. doi: 10.1007/s11250-020-02414-3

Rezende, A. V., Rabelo, C. H. S., Veiga, R. M., Andrade, L. P., Härter, C. J., Rabelo, F. H. S.,... Reis, R. A. (2014). Rehydration of corn grain with acid whey improves the silage quality. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 197(1), 213-221. doi: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2014.07.009

Ribas, W. F. G., Monção, F. P., Rocha, V. R., Jr., Maranhão, C. M. A., Ferreira, H. C., Santos, A. S.,... Rigueira, J. P. S. (2021). Effect of wilting time and enzymatic-bacterial inoculant on the fermentative profile, aerobic stability, and nutritional value of BRS capiaçu grass silage. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 50(1), 1-12. doi: 10.37496/rbz5020200207

Rigueira, J. P. S., Jesus, N. G., Rocha, V. R., Jr., Monção, F. P., Costa, N. M., David, G. S. S.,... Carvalho, C. C. S. (2021). Effects of different banana crop wastes on nutrient intake and digestibility, microbial protein synthesis, feeding behavior, and animal performance of ¾ Holstein × Zebu heifers in a semiarid rangeland. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 53(1), 1-13. doi: 10.1007/s11250-021-02660-z

Rigueira, J. P. S., Jesus, N. G., Sales, E. C. J., Rocha, V. R., Jr., Santos, A. S., Silva, F. V.,... Monção, F. P. (2020). Nutritional value of pre-dried banana tree pseudostem ammoniated with protected urea. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 41(4), 1345-1354. doi: 10.5433/1679-0359.2020v41n4p1345

Silva, M. C. A., Costa, N. M., Rigueira, J. P. S., Jesus, D. L. S., Silva, N. B. S., Silva, W. S., Fº.,... Monção, F. P. (2019). The effect of graded levels of crude glycerin in BRS capiaçu grass silage: fermentation profile and bromatological composition. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 9(4), 597-602. Retrieved from http://www.iaujournals.ir/article_669299.html

Statistical Analysis System Institute (2008). SAS/STAT 9.2 user’s guide. Cary, NC: SAS Institute, Inc.

Tilley, J. M. A., & Terry, R. A. (1963). A two-stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. Journal of the British Grassland Society, 18(2), 104-111. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2494.1963.tb00335.x

Valente, T. N. P., Detmann, E., Queiroz, A. C., Valadares, S. C., F., Gomes, D. I., & Filgueiras, J. F. (2011). Evaluation of rumen degradation profiles of forages using bags made from different textiles. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 40(11), 2565-2573. doi: 10.1590/S1516-35982011001100039

Van Soest, P. J. (1994). Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant. (2nd ed.). Cornell University Press: New York.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2021v42n6SUPL2p3991

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
E-mail:  semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional