Intercurrence between bovine leukosis virus infection and mastitis in dairy cattle

Natália Amaral Ambrósio, Christian Hirsch, Christiane Maria Barcellos Magalhães Rocha, Fábio Raphael Pascoti Bruhn, Marcos Túlio Barcelos Lima, Dircéia Aparecida da Costa Custódio, Juliana Rosa Silva, Camila Prado Lenzi Tadini, Geraldo Marcio Costa

Abstract


There are several factors affecting global milk production leading to severe economic losses. Mastitis and leukosis are highly prevalent diseases especially in Brazilian cattle herds. The present study aimed to evaluate the correlation between mastitis and the bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infection in naturally infected cows belonging to dairy herds in Minas Gerais State. Additionally, the prevalence of both diseases, pathogens causing mastitis, and their association with BLV infection and persistent lymphocytosis were evaluated. The prevalence of BLV was determined using the agar gel immunodiffusion test (AGID) in 1,392 lactating cows from ten dairy herds. From the AGID results, 240 cows were selected and divided into two experimental groups: A case group composed of 160 BLV-positive cows (BLV-P) and the control group of 80 BLV-negative cows (BLV-N). Based on serological and leucocytic evaluations, the animals were classified into three subgroups: BLV-N, BLV-P without persistent lymphocytosis (BLV-PWPL), and BLV-positive with persistent lymphocytosis (BLV-PPL). The California Mastitis Test (CMT) was performed on days 0 (D0) and 60 (D60) in the subgroups and the milk from CMT-positive glands were analyzed. BLV infection was present in 100% of herds, with an overall prevalence of 80.9% in cows older than 24 months. Among BLV-P animals, 74% were classified as BLV-PWPL and 26% as BLV-PPL. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (73.30%), Corynebacterium spp. (12.04%), Streptococcus agalactiae (8.90%), and Staphylococcus aureus (5.76%) were predominant (61.41%). There were no statistical differences among the scores of clinical or subclinical mastitis with the pathogen type (contagious or environmental) in the BLV-PWPL or BLV-PPL subgroups. However, BLV-P animals showed higher CMT scores than BLV-N animals, suggesting a higher predisposition to subclinical mastitis in cows affected by leukosis.

Keywords


Bovine; Milk; Retrovirus; Intramammary infection; Bovine immunity.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2021v42n6SUPL2p3777

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
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