Seed and seedling morphology of Bauhinia scandens L.

Tatiane Sanches Jeromini, Givanildo Zildo Silva, Cibele Chalita Martins, Francisco Guilhien Gomes Júnior


Bauhinia scandens has potential importance as an ornamental and medicinal plant. Researchers have isolated and identified 1-O-alkylglycerol in the leaves of the B. scandens plant, and established antitumor properties using the Brine Shrimp toxicity test, an internationally accepted bioassay. Although this species has high potential, little is known about the viability of seedling production and the morphology of these plants, particularly in terms of seed characteristics and initial stages of germination. The objective of this study was to characterize the seed morphology, germination, and seedlings of B. scandens. Seed water content, weight, and coloration were evaluated. This study also included a description of seed biometrics, external and internal structures, germination, and seedling morphology. Internal seed morphology was evaluated by the anatomical sectioning and X-ray methods. The morphology data obtained were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis and germination data were determined using Cramér’s V. B. scandens seeds have a coloration ranging from very dark grayish-red to dark reddish-brown, flat oblong shapes, and rounded bases and apexes with full or slightly undulating margins. Healthy seedlings are produced mainly by seeds with well-formed internal structures. The reddish petiole of the seedling leaves is a taxonomic character for B. scandens identification. The non-domestication and genetic variability of this species reflect on the seed and seedling color and size variation.


Climbing bauhinia; Density; Fabaceae; Internal structure; X-ray.

Full Text:



Abud, H. F., Cicero, S. M., & Gomes, F. G., Jr. (2018). Radiographic images and relationship of the internal morphology and physiological potential of broccoli seeds. Acta Scientiarum-Agronomy, 40(1), 1-9. doi: 10.4025/actasciagron.v40i1.34950

Bandyopadhyay, S., Thothathri, K., & Sharma, B. D. (2005). The genus Bauhinia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) in India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany, 29(4), 763-801. Retrieved from _Bauhinia_L_Leguminosae_Caesalpinioideae_in_India/links/565bec4f08ae4988a7bafd1c.pdf

Borges, F. I., & Mendonça, M. S. (2009). Mofo-anatomia da semente de Bauhinia monandra Kurz. (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae). Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 31(4), 168-174. doi: 10.1590/S0101-31222009000400020

Dutra, F. V., Cardoso, A. D., Souza, B. A. M., Bandeira A. da S., & Morais, O. M. (2016). Análise biométrica de frutos e sementes de Bauhinia forficata L. Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável, 11(3), 8-12. doi: 10.18378/rvads.v11i3.4231

Ferreira, R. A., & Barretto, S. S. B. (2015). Caracterização morfológica de frutos, sementes, plântulas e mudas de pau-brasil (Caesalpinia echinata Lamarck). Revista Árvore, 39(3), 505-512. doi: 10.1590/010 0-67622015000300011

Fonseca, M. D. S., Freitas, T. A. S., Mendonça, A. V. R., Souza, L. S., & Abdalla, S. D. (2013). Morfometria de sementes e plântulas e verificação da dormência da espécie Plathymenia foliolosa Benth. Comunicata Scientiae, 4(4), 368-376. doi: 10.14295/cs.v4i4.253

Gomes, F. G., Jr. (2010). Aplicação da análise de imagens para avaliação da morfologia interna de sementes. Informativo Abrates, 20(3), 33-51. Reciperado de informativos/v20n3/minicurso02.pdf

Gunn, C. R. (1981). Seed topography in the Fabaceae. Seed Science an Tecnology, 9(3), 733-737. Retrieved from

Hazra, A. G., & Chatterjee, P. (2008). A nontoxic antitumour compound from the leaves of Bauhinia scandens characterized as 1- O-alkyl glycerol by gas liquid chromatography and evaluation of its antitumour property by Brine Shrimp bioassay. Industry Crops and Products, 27(1), 39-43. doi: 10.10 16/j.indcrop.2007.07.005

Hossain, M. S., Niloy, S. A., Hosen, A., & Islam, A. U. (2016). Antioxidant activities and HPLC-DAD based phenolic content determination of Bauhinia scandens. British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 14(6), 1-9. doi: 10.9734/BJPR/2016/31817.

International Seed Testing Association (2009). International rules for seed testing. Bassersdorf: ISTA.

Jeromini, T. S., Martins, C. C., Pereira, F. E. C. B., & Gomes, F. G., Jr. (2019). The use of X-ray to evaluate Brachiaria brizantha seeds quality during seed processing. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 50(3), 439-446. doi: 10.5935/1806-6690.20190052

Jeromini, T. S., Pereira, T. S., Silva, G. Z., & Martins, C. C. (2020). Overcoming dormancy in Bauhinia scandens seeds. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 41(4), 1189-1198. doi: 10.5433/1679-0359.2020v41n4 p1189

Khan, D. M., Zaki, J., & Anis, M. (2015). Seedling characteristics of jhinjera (Bauhinia racemosa Lamk.). International Journal of Biology and Biotechnology, 12(1), 143-154. Retrieved from https://agris.fao. org/agris-search/

Leão-Araújo, E. F., Gomes, F. G., Jr., Silva, A. R., Peixoto, N., & Souza, E. R. B. (2019). Evaluation of the desiccation of Campomanesia adamantium seeds using radiographic analysis and the relation with physiological potential. Agronomy Journal, 111(1), 592-600. doi: 10.2134/agronj2018.05.0302

Leonhardt, C., Bueno, O. L., Calil, A. C., Busnello, A., & Rosa, R. (2008). Morfologia e desenvolvimento de plântulas de 29 espécies arbóreas nativas da área da Bacia Hidrográfica do Guaíba, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Iheringia. Série Botânica, 63(1), 5-14. Recuperado de article/view/156

Lusa, M. G., & Bona, C. (2009). Análise morfoanatômica comparativa da folha de Bauhinia forficata Link e B. variegata Linn. (Leguminosae, Caesalpinioideae). Acta Botânica Brasilíca, 23(1), 196-211. doi: 10. 1590/S0102-33062009000100022

Mendonça, G. S., Martins, C. C., Martins, D., & Lopes, M. T. G. (2015). Physical and physiological aspects of seeds of Fimbristylis dicothoma as related to germination and dormancy. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 46(3), 539-545. doi: 10.5935/1806-6690.20150036

Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (2009). Regras para análise de sementes. Brasília: MAPA/ACS.

Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (2013). Instruções para análise de sementes de espécies florestais. Brasília: MAPA/ACS.

Munsell, A. H. (1976). Munsell book of color. Baltimore: Division of koll Margen Corporation.

Poonsri, W., Pluempanupat, W., Chitchirachan, P., Bullangpoti, V., & Koul, O. (2015). Insecticidal alkanes from Bauhinia scandens var. horsfieldii against Plutella xylostella L.(Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Industry Crops and Products, 65(1), 170-174. doi: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.11.040

Rezende, M. H., Cardoso, L. A., & Vannucci, A. L. (1994). Morfologia e anatomia foliar de Bauhinia curvulha Benth. (Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae). Acta Botânica Brasílica, 8(1), 19-34. doi: 10.1590/S 0102-33061994000100003

Seetharam, Y. N., & Kotresha, K. (1998). Foliar venation of some species of Bauhinia spp. and Hardwickia binata Roxb. (Caesalpinioideae). Phytomorphology, 48(1), 51-59. Retrieved from https://www.

Severino, L. S., Lima, R., & Beltrão, N. D. M. (2006). Germinação e crescimento inicial de plântulas de pinhão manso em função do peso da semente. Campina Grande: EMBRAPA Algodão-Comunicado Técnico (INFOTECA-E). Retrieved from 5/1/COMTEC309.pdf

Sheskin, D. J. (2020). Handbook of parametric and nonparametric statistical procedures. New York, NY: CRC Press.

Silva, G. M. C., Silva, H., Almeida, M. V. A., Farias, M. L. C., & Lima, P. M. (2003). Morfologia do fruto, semente e plântula do Mororó (ou pata de vaca) - Bauhína forficata Linn. Revista de Biologia e Ciências da Terra, 3(2), 1-15. Recuperado de

Silva, L. A., Sales, J. F., Santos, H. O., Martins, J. M., Costa, V. H., & Silva, F. G. (2017). Physiological performance of cagaita seeds (Eugenia dysenterica DC.) Subjected to drying. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 38(1), 19-34. doi: 10.5433/1679-0359.2017v38n1p19


Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional