Occurrence of antibodies anti-Toxoplasma gondii among sheltered and free-roaming cats within a university campus

Louise Bach Kmetiuk, Maysa Pellizzaro, Ana Carolina Yamakawa, Juliana Cristina Rebonato Mendes, Camila Marinelli Martins, Aurea Maria Oliveira Canavessi, Helio Langoni, Andrea Pires dos Santos, Alexander Welker Biondo

Abstract


The present study aimed to assess anti-T. gondii antibodies in sheltered and free-roaming cats within a university campus that has an overlapping population of humans and livestock. A total of 51 cats were tested for anti-T. gondii antibodies using the indirect immunofluorescent antibody test. Overall, 8/51 cats (15.7%) were seropositive. Cats were more likely to be seropositive when free-roaming (p= 0.008) and with presence of skin lesions (p= 0.042), and less likely with < 1 year of age (p= 0.021), probably due to higher environmental exposure and infected prey consumption. The presence of seropositive free-roaming cats whose areas overlapped those occupied by humans and livestock may suggest an increased on-campus chance of T. gondii occurrence.

Keywords


Feral cats; Toxoplasmosis; Associated factors.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2021v42n3Supl1p1685

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional