Anti-Neospora caninum IgG in fetal bovine serum

Caroline Zamperete Reginato, Fagner D'ambroso Fernandes, Patricia Braünig, Luís Antônio Sangioni, Fernanda Silveira Flores Vogel

Abstract


Neospora caninum is an obligate intracellular protozoan, recognized as an important cause of abortion in infection cattle worldwide, and is responsible for major economic losses in beef and dairy herds. There are scarce data on the presence of antibodies in fetal serum samples from beef cattle. The pathogen is straggling mainly by vertical transmission in ruminants. This study aimed to determine the frequency of anti-N. caninum antibodies in fetal bovine serum. Overall, 751 fetal serum samples from slaughterhouses in Uruguaiana and Santo Ângelo (Rio Grande do Sul state) were used. Serologic diagnosis was made using indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA). Slides were prepared by culturing infected Vero cells using tachyzoites of the N. caninum NC-1 strain and a serum dilution of 1:25. Of the 751 samples analyzed, 11.7% (88/751) were positive in the IFA assay. The results indicate an occurrence of neosporosis in the studied region, as well as the possibility of transplacental transmission of the protozoon, characterizing an important mechanism of propagation for the disease.

Keywords


Serum; Abortion; Transplacental transmission.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2020v41n5p1809

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional