Consumption, apparent digestibility and nutrient balance of diets with bovine milk whey for goats

Alexandre Ribeiro Araújo, James Pierre Muir, Angela Maria de Vasconcelos, Roberto Cláudio Fernandes Franco Pompeu, Luciana Freitas Guedes, Clésio Santos Costa, Maria Socorro de Sousa Carneiro, Warley Éfrem Campos, Marcos Cláudio Pinheiro Rogério

Abstract


Increasing milk production in countries such as Brazil, India and Pakistan implies the generation of dairy by-products such as nutrient-rich bovine whey which, if used in feeding small ruminants would reduce environmental waste and add value to this by-product. Twenty entire male kids weighing an average 17 kg and 5 months age were used. The diet control was composed by Aruana hay, milled whole maize, pelleted soybean and limestone. Bovine cheese whey at 1.5; 3.0 and 4.5% (DM basis) was added to experimental diets. Variables measured included intake, nutrient apparent digestibility, energy balance, and nitrogen balance. Regression equations and Pearson correlations (P ? 0.05) were determined. The 3% diet resulted in greater ether extract (EE) (g/kg0.75) and digestible EE (P ? 0.05) concentrations compared to 0% whey. The consumption of cellulose (g/kg0.75) was greater (P ? 0.05) for kids on the 3.0% diet compared to 0 or 1.5%. Nutrient apparent digestibility was not affected (P > 0.05) by the inclusion of whey. Kids on the 4.5% diet excreted more (P ? 0.05) fecal N than those fed no whey; these also retained less N (P ? 0.05) compared to animals fed 3.0% or less whey in their diet. All diets resulted in positive energy and nitrogen balances. Bovine whey can be included in male kid diets up to 4.5% of diet without negatively affecting consumption or apparent digestibility of those diets.

Keywords


Dairy by-products; Feed; Kids; Nutrition.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, S. T., Mun, H. S., Islam, M. M., & Yang, C. J. (2014). Growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of hanwoo steers fed fermented liquid whey inoculated with lactic acid bacteria. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 8(15), 1601-1609.

Bjorkman, M. P., Finne-Soveri, H., & Tilvis, R. S. (2012). Whey protein supplementation in nursing home residents: a randomized controlled trial. European Geriatric Medicine, 3(3), 161-166. doi: 10.1016/j.eurger.2012.03.010

Cappelle, E. R., Valadares, S. C., Fº., Coelho da Silva, J. F., & Cecon, P. R. (2001). Estimates of the energy value from chemical characteristics of the feedstuffs. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 30(6), 1837-1856. doi: 10.1590/S1516-35982001000700022

Carvalho, G. G. P., Garcia, R., Pires, A. J. V., Silva, R. R., Pereira, M. L. A., Viana, P. T.,... Pereira, T. C. J. (2010). Nitrogen balance, urea concentrations and microbial protein synthesis in goats fed diets containing sugar cane trated with calcium oxide. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 39(10), 2253-2261. doi: 10.1590/S1516-35982010001000022

El-Shewy, A. A. (2016). Whey as feed ingredient for lactating cattle. Science International, 4(3), 80-85. doi: 10.17311/sciintl.2016.80.85

El-Tanboly, E., El-Hofi, M., & Korshid. (2017). Recovery of cheese-whey, a by-product from the dairy industry for use as animal feed. Journal of Nutrition Health & Food Engineering, 6(5), 148-154. doi: 10.15406/jnhfe.2017.06.00215

Fundação Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos Hídricos (2019). Dados climáticos do município de Sobral-CE, 2008. Recuperado de http://www.funceme.br

Huuskonen, A. (2017). Effect of skin milk and whey-based milk replacers on feed intake and growth of dairy calves. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 45(1), 480-484. doi: 10.1080/09712119.2016.1217868

Kanza, M. M., Sameen, A., Khan, M. U., Shariati, M. A., & Hristova, V. K. (2017). Impact of cheese whey protein on growth performance of broiler: An approach of cheese utilization in poultry feed. Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Food Sciences, 6(4), 1117-1120. doi: 10.15414/jmbfs.2017.6.4.1117-1120

Krehbiel, C. R., Bandyk, C. A., Hersom, M. J., & Branine, M. E. (2008). Alpharma beef cattle nutrition symposium: manipulation of nutrient synchrony. Journal of Animal Science, 86(14), 285-286. doi: 10.2527/jas.2007-0788

Martins, T. D. D., Pimenta E. C., Fº., Costa, R. G., & Souza, J. H. M. (2008). Liquid serum form cheese as feeding supplement for growing pigs. Revista Ciência Agronômica, 39(2), 310-307. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/288349649_Liquid_serum_from_cheese_as_feeding_supplement_for_growing_pigs

Mollea, C., Marmo, L., & Bosco, F. (2013). Valorisation of Cheese Whey, a By-Product from the Dairy Industry, Food Industry, Innocenzo Muzzalupo, IntechOpen, DOI: 10.5772/53159. Available from: https://www.intechopen.com/books/food-industry/valorisation-of-cheese-whey-a-by-product-from-the-dairy-industry

National Research Council (2007). Nutrient requirements of small ruminants. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Palmquist, D. L., & Mattos, W. R. S. (2006). Metabolismo de lipídeos. In T.T. Berchielli, A. V. Pires, & S. G. Oliveira (Eds.), Nutrição de ruminantes. (pp. 287-310). Jaboticabal: FUNEP.

R Core Team (2019). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R foundation for statistical computing, Vienna. Retrieved from https://R-project. org/

Rezeai, R., Moharrery, A., & Zamiri, M. J. (2019). Growth performance, nutrient digestibility and nitrogen metabolism of Ram-lambs fed single feed protein. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 19(1), 123-136. doi: 10.5958/0974-181X.2019.00012.X

Rogério, M. C. P., Martins, E. C., Shiotsuki, L., Pompeu, R. C. F. F., Muir, J. P., Araújo A. R.,... Alves, A. A. (2019). Economic viability of finishing lambs in the feedlot using bovine cheese whey as dietary ingredient. Small Ruminant Research, 170, 131-136. doi: 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2018.11.018

Silva, D. J., & Queiroz, A. C. (2002). Análise de alimentos: métodos químicos e biológicos (3a ed.). Viçosa, MG: Editora UFV.

Smithers, W. G. (2008). Whey to whey proteins - from `gutter to gold. International Dairy Journal, 18(7), 695-704. doi: 10.1016/j.idairyj.2008.03.008

Sniffen, C. J., O’Connor, J. D., Van Soest, P. J., Fox, D. J., & Russell, J. B. (1992). A net carbohydrate and protein system for evaluating cattle diets. II. Carbohydrate and protein availability. Journal of Animal Science, 70(11), 3562-3577. doi: 10.2527/1992.70113562x

Van Soest, P. J. (1994). Nutritional ecology of the ruminant (2nd ed.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Van Soest, P. J., Robertson, J. B., & Lewis, B. A. (1991) Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74(10), 3583-3597. doi: 10.3168/jds. S0022-0302(91)78551-2

Yadav, J. S. S., Yan, S., Pilli, S., Kumar, L., Tyagi, R. D., & Surampalli, R. Y. (2015). Cheese whey: a potential resource to transform into bioprotein, functional/nutritional proteins and bioactive peptides. Biotechnology Advances, 33(6), 756-774. doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2015.07.002




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2020v41n5p1719

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional