Yield performance of soybean cultivars with indeterminate growth habits in response to plant spatial arrangement

André Sampaio Ferreira, Alvadi Antonio Balbinot Junior, Flávia Werner, Claudemir Zucareli


Modifications in plant spatial arrangements, such as the use of narrow rows, twin rows, and crossed rows, may favor the development and productivity of soybeans due to the morphophysiological changes occurring in the plants. The aim of this research was to assess yield components, mortality rate, harvest index, and the yield, of two soybean cultivars, with indeterminate growth habits, in response to alternative plant spatial arrangements. The experiment was conducted in Londrina, Paraná State, Brazil, in the 2013/14 and 2014/15 growing seasons, with randomized complete block design, in a 4 × 3 × 2 factorial scheme, with three replications. The treatments were composed of four row spacings, at 0.2 m (narrow rows); 0.2/0.8 m (twin rows); 0.5 m (traditional); and 0.5 m (crossed rows); at three seeding rates (150, 300, and 450 thousand viable seeds ha-1) in two cultivars (BMX Potência RR and BRS 359 RR). In both growing seasons, there was a water deficit, and climatic conditions that would restrict soybean growth and development. The narrow rows, twin rows, and crossed rows did not favor yield performance compared to traditional spacing in either cultivar. The tested cultivars showed high phenotypic plasticity, allowing large changes in row spacing and seeding rate without major changes in the yield. The narrow rows, when associated with a high seeding rate, favored plant mortality. Grains per pod and harvest index were not influenced by the plant spatial arrangement.


Plant density; Row spacing; Narrow rows; Twin rows; Crossed rows.

Full Text:



ALLEN, R. G.; PEREIRA, L. S.; RAES, D.; SMITH, M. Crop evapotranspiration - guidelines for computing crop water requirements FAO irrigation and drainage paper 56. Roma: Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations, 1998. 300 p.

BALBINOT JUNIOR, A. A.; PROCOPIO, S. O.; COSTA, J. M.; KOSINSKI, C. L.; PANISON, F.; DEBIASI, H.; FRANCHINI, J. C. Espaçamento reduzido e plantio cruzado associados a diferentes densidades de plantas de soja. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 36, n. 5, p. 2977-2986, 2015b. DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359.2015v36n5p2977

BALBINOT JUNIOR, A. A.; PROCÓPIO, S. O.; DEBIASI, H.; FRANCHINI, J. C.; PANISON, F. Semeadura cruzada em cultivares de soja com tipo de crescimento determinado. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 36, n. 3, p. 1215-1226, 2015a. DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359.2015v36n3p1215

BALBINOT JUNIOR, A. A.; PROCOPIO, S. de O.; NEUMAIER, N.; FERREIRA, A. S.; WERNER, F.; DEBIASI, H.; FRANCHINI, J. C. Semeadura cruzada, espaçamento entre fileiras, e densidade de semeadura influenciando o crescimento e a produtividade de duas cultivares de soja. Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias, Lages, v. 15, n. 2, p. 83-93, 2016.

BOARD, J. E.; KAHLON, C. S. Morphological responses to low plant population differ between soybean genotypes. Crop Science, Madison, v. 53, n. 3, p. 1109-1119, 2013.

BRUNS, H. A. Comparisons of single-row and twin row soybean production in the Mid-South. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 103, n. 3, p. 702-708, 2011a. DOI: 10.2134/agronj2010.0475

BRUNS, H. A. Planting date, rate and twin-row vs. single-row soybean in the Mid-South. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 103, n. 5, p. 1308-1313, 2011b. DOI: 10.2134/agronj2011.0076

CORASSA, G. M.; AMADO, T. J. C.; STRIEDER, M. L.; SCHWALBERT, R.; PIRES, J. L. F.; CARTER, P. R.; CIAMPITTI, I. A. Optimum soybean seeding rates by yield environment in southern Brazil. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 110, n. 6, p. 1-9, 2018.

COX, W. J.; CHERNEY, J. H. Growth and yield responses of soybean to row spacing and seeding rate. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 103, n. 1, p. 123-128, 2011. DOI: 10.2134/agronj2010.0316

COX, W. J.; CHERNEY, J. H.; SHIELDS, E. Soybeans compensate at low seeding rate but not at high thinning rates. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 102, n. 4, p. 1238-1243, 2010. DOI: 10.2134/agronj2010.0047

DE BRUIN, J. L.; PEDERSEN, P. Effect of row spacing and seeding rate on soybean yield. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 100, n. 3, p. 704-710, 2008. DOI: 10.2134/agronj2007.0106

LUCA, M. J.; HUNGRIA, M. Plant densities and modulation of symbiotic nitrogen fixation in soybean. Scientia Agricola, Piracicaba, v. 71, n. 3, p. 181-187, 2014. DOI: 10.1590/S0103-90162014000300002

FERREIRA, A. S.; BALBINOT JUNIOR, A. A.; WERNER, F.; ZUCARELI, C.; FRANCHINI, J. C.; DEBIASI, H. Plant density and mineral nitrogen fertilization influencing yield, yield components and concentration of oil and protein in soybean grains. Bragantia, Campinas, v. 75, n. 3, p. 362-370, 2016. DOI: 10.1590/1678-4499.479

HANNA, S. O.; CONLEY, S. P.; SHANER, G. E.; SANTINI, J. B. Fungicide application timing and row spacing effect on soybean canopy penetration and grain yield. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 100, n. 5, p. 1488-1492, 2008. DOI: 10.2134/agronj2007.0135

HAY, R. K. M. Harvest index: a review of its use in plant breeding and crop physiology. Annals of Applied Biology, London, v. 126, n. 1, p. 197-216, 1995. DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.1995.tb05015.x

KOESTER, R. P.; SKONECZKA, J. A.; CARY, T. R.; DIERS, B. W.; AINSWORTHY, E. A. Historical gains in soybean (Glycine max Merr.) seed yield are driven by linear increases in light interception, energy conversion, and partitioning efficiencies. Journal of Experimental Botany, Oxford, v. 65, n. 12, p. 3311-3321, 2014. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eru187

MOREIRA, A.; MORAES, L. A. C.; SCHROTH, G.; MANDARINO, J. M. G. Effect of nitrogen, row spacing, and plant density on yield, yield components, and plant physiology in soybean-wheat intercropping. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 107, n. 6, p. 2162-2170, 2015. DOI: 10.2134/agronj15.0121

PROCÓPIO, S. O.; BALBINOT JUNIOR, A. A.; DEBIASI, H.; FRANCHINI, J. C.; PANISON, F. Semeadura em fileira dupla e espaçamento reduzido na cultura da soja. Agro@mbiente On-line, Boa Vista, v. 8, n. 2, p. 212-221, 2014. DOI: 10.18227/1982-8470ragro.v8i2.1469

SILVA, P. R. A.; TAVARES, L. A. F.; SOUSA, S. F. G.; CORREIA, T. P. S.; RIQUETTI, N. B. Rentabilidade na semeadura cruzada da cultura da soja. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, Campina Grande, v. 19, n. 3, p. 293-297, 2015.

SOUZA, C. A.; GAVA, F.; CASA, R. T.; BOLZAN, J. M.; KUHNEM JUNIOR, P. R. Relação entre densidade de plantas e genótipos de soja Roundup Ready TM. Planta Daninha, Viçosa, MG, v. 28, n. 4, p. 887-896, 2010.

SUHRE, J. J.; WEIDENBENNER, N. H.; ROWNTREE, S. C.; WILSON, E. W.; NAEVE, S. L.; CONLEY, S. P.; CASTEEL, S. N.; DIERS, B. W.; ESKER, P. D.; SPECHT, J. E.; DAVIS, V. M. Soybean yield partitioning changes revealed by genetic gain and seeding rate interactions. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 106, n. 5, p. 1631-1642, 2014. DOI: 10.2134/agronj14.0003

THOMPSON, N. M.; LARSON, J. A.; LAMBERT, D. M.; ROBERTS, R. K.; MENGISTU, A.; BELLALOUI, N.; WALKER, E. R. Mid-South soybean yield and net return as affected by plant population and row spacing. Agronomy Journal, Madison, v. 107, n. 3, p. 979-989, 2015. DOI: 10.2134/agronj14.0453

TOURINO, M. C. C.; REZENDE, P. M.; SALVADOR, N. Espaçamento, densidade e uniformidade de semeadura na produtividade e características agronômicas da soja. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasília, v. 37, n. 8, p. 1071-1077, 2002.

WERNER, F.; BALBINOT JUNIOR, A. A.; FERREIRA, A. S.; AGUIAR E SILVA, M. A.; DEBIASI, H.; FRANCHINI, J. C. Soybean growth affected by seeding rate and mineral nitrogen. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, Campina Grande, v. 20, n. 8, p. 734-738, 2016. DOI: 10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v20n8p734-738

WERNER, F.; BALBINOT JUNIOR, A. A.; FERREIRA, A. S.; AGUIAR E SILVA, M. A.; MANDARINO, J. M. G.; ZUCARELI, C. Size, chlorophyll retention and protein and oil contents of grains from soybean plants grown in different spatial arrangements. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, Londrina, v. 38, n. 1, p. 85-96, 2017. DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359.2017v38n1p85

ZHOU, X. B.; CHEN, Y. H.; OUYANG, Z. Spacing between rows: effects on water-use efficiency of double-cropped wheat and soybean. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge, v. 153, n. 1, p. 90-101, 2015. DOI: 10.1017/S0021859613000890

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2019v40n6Supl2p2905

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
E-mail:  semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional