Production of lettuce with brackish water in NFT hydroponic system

Jucicléia Soares da Silva, Vital Pedro da Silva Paz, Tales Miler Soares, Willian Fernandes de Almeida, Joseane Pereira Fernandes

Abstract


Groundwater reserves in the semi-arid regions, which are mostly brackish, could be used to meet local water demands. Hydroponic cultivation is an alternative of rational use of water. Thus, the objective of this work was to evaluate the technical feasibility of using brackish groundwater in the semi-arid region of Bahia and Recôncavo of Bahia for hydroponic production of curly lettuce cv. ‘Verônica’ and purple lettuce cv. ‘Quatro Estações’. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse in the city of Cruz das Almas, Bahia State, in a randomized block experimental design, composed of seven treatments [T1- public-supply water; T2- water from the well of UFRB; T3- reject water from the well of Cruz das Almas; T4- water from the well of Sapeaçu; T5- reject water from the well of Sapeaçu; T6- reject water from the well of Conceição do Coité and T7- artificially salinated water (NaCl)] and six replicates in an experimental hydroponic structure using the nutrient film technique (NFT). The following variables were analyzed: number of leaves, shoot fresh matter, shoot length, root length, shoot dry matter, and root dry matter. Relative shoot dry matter production in curly lettuce increased by 1, 5, and 2% in the treatments T2, T3, and T4, respectively, whereas in purple lettuce, the increments were 10, 1, and 20%, respectively, for the same treatments. The use of brackish groundwater from the deep tubular wells of the Federal University of Recôncavo da Bahia and Sapeaçu and desalination reject water from the tubular well of Cruz das Almas proved to be technically feasible for hydroponic lettuce production.

Keywords


Hydroponics; Lactuca sativa L.; Groundwater; Water salinity.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2018v39n3p947

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
E-mail:  semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional