Forage yield and quality in elephant grass cv. Pioneiro harvested at different cutting height sand times

Danúbia Nogueira Figueira, Mikael Neumann, Robson Kyoshi Ueno, Sandra Galbeiro, Antônio Vinícius Iank Bueno

Abstract


This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cutting height and harvest time on forage yield and quality in elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) cv. Pioneiro. Experimental plots were arranged in a randomized block split-plot design. The treatments consisted of four residual heights (30, 40, 50, and 60 cm)and three successive harvest times (January, March, and May 2011). There was a significant interaction between residual height and harvest time for the proportion of stems (P<0.05) and leaves (P<0.01) in the forage. A similar result was observed for fresh (P<0.01) and dry (P<0.01) forage yield at the first and third harvests. There was a quadratic relationship between dry forage yield and residual height, with a maximum yield of5738 kg ha-1ataresidual height of 50.17 cm in the second harvest. The increase in residual height from 30 to 60 cm, regardless of harvest time, reduced neutral detergent fiber (NDF)and acid detergent fiber (ADF) and increased crude protein content. Forage yield and quality were highest at 40-50 cm residual heights. 


Keywords


Forage components; Acid detergent fiber; Neutral detergent fiber; Forage yield; Crude protein.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2016v37n2p1017

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional