Total digestibility and in situ degradability of bulky diets with the inclusion of ionophores or probiotics for cattle and buffaloes

Lúcia Maria Zeoula, Odimári Pricila Pires Prado, Luiz Juliano Valério Geron, Juliano Ricardo Fontanini Beleze, Sílvia Cristina Aguiar, Emilyn Midori Maeda

Abstract


The effects of ionophores (monensin) and probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae + selenium + chromium) in diets with 80% forage were evaluated on the digestibility of nutrients. Three buffaloes, Murrah (Bubalus bubalis) and three cattle, Holstein (Bos taurus), with an average weight of 520 ± 30 kg and 480 ± 182 kg, respectively, with rumen cannula, over experimental design with two 3 x 3 Latin squares in a 3 x 2 factorial arrangement, with the absence or presence of additives: ionophore or probiotic and two species, were used. The internal flow indicator of fecal dry matter (DM) was the acid insoluble ash. DM, crude protein (CP) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) ruminal degradability of Tifton 85 hay was conducted for cattle and buffaloes. A diet containing probiotics had higher dry matter and organic matter digestibility in buffalo and cattle, indicating a good performance in bulky diets. The potential and effective dry matter degradability in diet with probiotic in buffaloes, were smaller than diet with ionophore, suggesting that there was a better digestion of nutrients in the intestine of these animals. The potential and effective degradability of neutral detergent fiber and crude protein in the diet containing ionophores were superior than diet containing probiotic. Buffaloes showed higher capacity of dry matter and fiber digestion than cattle.


Keywords


Additive; Sodic monensin; Yeast.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n4p2063

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
E-mail:  semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional