Morphophysiology and nutritive value of signalgrass in silvipastoral system with different tree arrangements

Joysiene Sanguinete Coelho, Saulo Alberto do Carmo Araújo, Maria Celuta Machado Viana, Severino Delmar Junqueira Villela, Francisco Morel Freire, Thiago Gomes dos Santos Braz

Abstract


The study was carried out with the aim to evaluate the effect of different special arrangements in forage yield, nutritive value and structure of the understory of signalgrass (Brachiaria decumbens) in silvipastoral system with different regrowth times. The design was in complete randomized block with tree replicates in a factorial scheme with split-plots 2 × 2 × 5 consisting two spatial arrangements [Double lines 9 × (2 × 2m) and simple lines (9 × 2m)] in two sampling places (in the middle of the intercropping and under the three canopy) in the plot and five regrowth times (35, 42, 49, 56 e 63 days) in the split-plot. It was used a silvipastoral system established since June, 2008 in degraded pasture with signalgrass predominance. The pasture was homogenized by grazing at 15 cm from the soil level. Were evaluated the dry matter yield leaf:stem ratio, light interception and leaf area index. In addition were evaluated the nutritive value characteristics dry matter content, neutral and acid detergent fiber, crude protein and lignin. The photosynthetic active radiation was monitored. The use of simple or double lines did not influence the leaf area index, light interception and dry mass yield. The leaf:stem ratio was influenced by the sampling place only in the double line arrangement. The neutral detergent fiber was substantially high in the double line arrangement. Therefore, the use of double lines reduces the photosynthetic active radiation amount incident in the understory, but does not reduce the forage yield in relation to simple line arrangements. These results indicate the use of double lines arrangement may allow the harvest of more threes without reduce the pasture production.


Keywords


Brachiaria decumbens; Eucalyptus; Light interception; Pasture; Spacing; Shading.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2014v35n3p1487

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional