Genetic divergence of sugar cane cultivars for resistance to Diatraea saccharalis

Joseane Rodrigues de Souza, Arlindo Leal Boiça Júnior, Dilermando Perecin, Alberto Cargnelutti Filho, Jacqueline Tonielo da Costa

Abstract


The objective was to evaluate the genetic diversity of cultivars in sugar cane for resistance to D. saccharalis. The experiment was carried out in the laboratory in completely randomized design with 11 treatments (one control and 10 treatments) in ten replications. The replications were made from artificial diets (food and refood) made with dry steam crushed from sugar cane cultivars stems, except for one of them considered standard diet. The cultivars used were: RB867515, RB855453, RB855536, CTC 15, CTC 9, SP80-1842, SP79-1011, SP89-1115, SP81-3250 and SP87-365. In the evaluation biological characteristics of the insect considered were: larval development (days), larval viability (%), pupal development (days), pupal weight (g), pupal viability (%), period of hatched larvae to adults emergence (days), total viability (%) and adults longevity without food (days). The generalized Mahalanobis distance (D2) for the cluster analysis by the method of average linkage between groups (UPGMA) and Tocher’s method optimization was determined. Four and five groups were formed, respectively, by the method of average linkage between groups (UPGMA) and Tocher’s method optimization. We concluded that the cultivar CTC 15 standed out as highly susceptible to D. saccharalis, while the cultivar SP87- 365 behaved as moderately resistant by antibiosis to D. saccharalis.


Keywords


Saccharum spp.; Host-plant insect resistance; Sugar cane borer; Multivariate analysis.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2013v34n6Supl1p3367

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
E-mail:  semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional