Seroprevalence of anti-Neospora caninum antibodies in dogs from Cuiaba city, Mato Grosso State

Andréia Lima Tomé Melo, Glaucenyra Cecília Pinheiro da Silva, Daniel Moura de Aguiar

Abstract


The present study evaluated the prevalence of anti- Neospora caninum antibodies in 406 dogs from Cuiabá city, Mato Grosso State by means Immunofluorescence Assay (IFA) with cut-off at the initial dilution of 1:50. Twenty seven dogs were positive (6.6%, 95% CI%: 4.6-9.6%) with titers of antibodies ranging between 50 and 1600. According to the breed, Pit Bull dogs were the most frequent where 4 dogs (16.7%) were positive (P=0.06). There was no difference between positivity and age of dogs. From the positive dogs, 10 were females (5.6%) and 17 were males (7.5%), 7 dogs (9.0%) fed commercial ration and 20 (6.1%) homemade food (P > 0.05). Environmental variables showed that 15 positive dogs (7.5%) had access to the street, 21 positive dogs (7.5%) lived near to the wasteland, 20 (6.2%) lived in walled house and 20 (6.8%) had contact with rodents in house backyard. None of environmental variables had significant associations (P < 0.05). The results of the present study demonstrate a low prevalence of anti-N. caninum antibodies in canine population from Cuiabá city and the analyzed variable did not presented association for infection. The study noteworthy the lower prevalence of anti-N. caninum antibodies in urban area from Brazil.


Keywords


Neospora caninum; Dog; Antibodies; Prevalence; Cuiabá.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n4p1507

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional