Production and Physiological quality of bean seeds after application Diquat

Miguel Henrique Rosa Franco, Marcela Carlota Nery, André Cabral França, Maxwel Coura Oliveira, Gabriel Neiva Franco, Vinicius Teixeira Lemos

Abstract


The objective of this research was to evaluate the influence of Diquat herbicide application, at different periods, on production and physiological quality of bean seeds, cultivar: Perola. The experimental design used was a randomized block (RBD). The treatments were constituted of application of such herbicide with dosage of 400 g ai / ha in eight stages of application (83, 85, 87, 89, 91, 93 and 95 days after seeding (DAS) and without application with 97 days – witness .) The analyzed variables were moisture content (%), germination (%), first count of germination (%)velocity index of germination, seedling emergence (%), initial stand (%)velocity index of emergency, thousand seed weight (g) and production (kg ha-1). The moisture content of the bean seeds at the times of herbicide application declined, anticipating up to 14 days to harvest beans. For the first counting and germination no difference was observed between treatments. But for the IVG observed superior results at 83 DAS. For emergence percentage and EVI the values were lower at 87 and 89 DAS. On the other hand, the data obtained for the initial stand did not differ. For the thousand seed weight and production results were superior to 89 DAS and at 89 and 95 DAS, respectively. The application of Diquat desiccant in bean crop from 83 days after sowing did not affect the germination of the seeds, however, affect significantly the production of seeds.


Keywords


Desiccation; Phaseolus vulgaris; Quality; Force; Germination.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2013v34n4p1707

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433 / 1679-0359
E-mail:  semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença  Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional