As relações entre pobreza e bem-estar: uma revisão sistemática

James Ferreira Moura Junior, Jorge Castellá Sarriera


O objetivo é analisar as relações entre pobreza e do bem-estar em artigos científicos. Os descritores da busca foram: pobreza, pobre, baixa renda e bem-estar. Foram selecionados os artigos produzidos entre 2010 até 2016. Os critérios de inclusão foram: ser uma pesquisa empírica com pessoas em situação de pobreza; utilizar a conceituação de bem-estar; ser um artigo completo; e ter adultos como amostra participante. Foram identificados 592 artigos, sendo analisadas 24 produções. O delineamento quantitativo é o mais utilizado junto com a perspectiva monetária de mensuração e conceituação da pobreza. O conceito de bem-estar subjetivo de Ed Diener é o mais presente. Identifica-se que a pobreza tem um impacto negativo no Bem-Estar Subjetivo, mas há paradoxos específicos que apontam tendências contrastantes. É importante apontar a necessidade de desenvolver investigações analisando o impacto da pobreza multidimensional no bem-estar.


Pobreza; Bem-Estar; Revisão Sistemática

Texto completo:



Albuquerque, A. S., & Tróccoli, B. T. (2004). Desenvolvimento de uma escala de bem-estar subjetivo. Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, 20(2), 153-164.

Alkire, S. (2007). The missing dimensions of poverty data: An introduction. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative [OPHI]. Recuperado de

Appio, L., Chambers, D.A., & Mao, S. (2013). Listening to the voices of the poor and disrupting the silence about class issues in psychotherapy. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69(2), 152–161. doi:10.1002/jclp.21954

Asadullah, M. N., & Chaudhury, N. (2012). Subjective well-being and relative poverty in rural Bangladesh. Journal of Economic Psychology, 33, 940–950. doi:10.1016/j.joep.2012.05.003

Barrientos, A., & Mase, J. (2012). Poverty transitions among older households in Brazil and South Africa. European Journal of Development Research, 24(4), 570–588. doi:10.1057/ejdr.2012.13

Biswas-Diener, R., & Diener, E. (2006). The subjective wellbeing of the homeless and lessons for happiness. Social Indicators Research, 76, 185–205. doi:10.1007/s11205-005-8671-9

Biswas-Diener, R., Vittersø, J., & Diener, E. (2005). Most people are pretty happy, but there is cultural variation: The Inughuit, the Amish, and the Maasai. Journal of Happiness Studies, 6, 205–226.

Blanco, A., & Valera, S. (2007). Los fundamentos de la intervención psicosocial. In B. Amalio, & J. Rodríguez. Intervención Psicosocial (pp. 134-156). Madrid: MacGrawHill.

Boes, S., Staub, K., & Winkelmann, R. (2010). Relative status and satisfaction. Economics Letters, 109, 168–170. doi:10.1016/j.econlet.2010.08.027

Campbell, A. (1976). Subjective measures of well-being. American Psychologist, 31, 177–223. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.31.2.117

Casas, F. (2010). El bienestar personal: Su investigación en la infancia y la adolescencia. Encuentros en Psicología Social, 5(1), 85–101.

Casas, F. (2011). Social indicators and child and adolescent well-being. Child Indicators Research, 4, 555–575. doi:10.1007/s12187-010-9093-z

Clark, A., Frijters, P., & Shields, M. (2008). Relative income, happiness, and utility: An explanation for the Easterlin paradox and other puzzles. Journal of Economic Literature, 46(1), 95–144. doi:10.1257/jel.46.1.95

Comim, F. (2005). Capabilities and Happiness: Potential Synergies. Review of Social Economy, 63(2), 161-176. doi:10.1080/00346760500129871

Comim, F. V., & Bagolin, I. P. (2002). Aspectos qualitativos da pobreza no Rio Grande do Sul. Ensaios FEE, 23, 467-490.

Cramm, J. M., Moller, V., & Nieboer, A. P. (2010). Improving subjective well-being of the poor in the Eastern Cape. Journal Health Psychology, 15(7) 1012–1019. doi:10.1177/1359105310367833

Cramm, J. M., Moller, V., & Nieboer, A. P. (2012). Individual and neighborhood-level indicators of subjective well-being in a small and poor eastern cape township: The effect of health, social capital, marital status, and income. Social Indicators Research, 105, 581-593. doi:10.1007/s11205-011-9790-0

Copestake, J., & Camfield, L. (2010). Measuring multidimensional aspiration gaps: A means to understanding cultural aspects of poverty. Development Policy Review, 28(5), 617-633. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7679.2010.00501.x

Cox, K. (2012). Happiness and unhappiness in the developing world: Life satisfaction among sex workers, dump-dwellers, urban poor, and rural peasants in Nicaragua. Journal of the Happiness Studies, 13, 103–128.

Cummins, R. A., Eckersley, R., Pallant, J., Van Vugt, J., & Misajon, R. (2003). Developing a national index of subjective well-being: The Australian Unity Wellbeing Index. Social Indicators Research, 64, 159- 190. Recuperado de

Currie, G., Richardson, T., Smyth, P., Vella-Brodick, D., Hine, J., Lucas, K., ..., & Stanley, J. (2010). Investigating links between transport disadvantage, social exclusion and well-being in Melbourne and updated results. Research in Transportation Economics, 29, 287-295. doi:10.1016/j.retrec.2010.07.036

Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95, 542–575. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.95.3.542

Diener, E. (2012). New findings and future directions for subjective well-being research. American Psychologist, 67(8), 590-597. doi:10.1037/a0029541.

Diener, E., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2002). Will money increase subjective well-being? Social Indicators Research, 57, 119–169. doi:10.1023/A:1014411319119

Diener, E., Emmons, R, Larsen, J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71-75. doi:10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13

Diener, E., Ng, W., Harter, J., & Arora, R. (2010). Wealth and happiness across the world: Material prosperity predicts life evaluations, while psychosocial prosperity predicts positive feeling. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(1), 52–61. doi:10.1037/a0018066

Diener, E., Sandvik, E., Seidlitz, L., & Diener, M. (1993). The relationship between income and subjective wellbeing: Relative or absolute? Social Indicators Research, 28, 195–223. doi:10.1007/BF01079018

Diener, E., Suh, E., Lucas, R., & Smith, H. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276-302. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.125.2.276

Distante, R. (2013). Subjective well-being, income, and relative concerns in the UK. Social Indicators Research, 22(1), 35–44. doi:10.1007/s11205-012-0083-z

Easterlin R. A. (1974). Does economic growth improve the human lot? Some empirical evidence. In P. A. David & M. W. Reder (Eds.), Nations and households in economic growth: Essays in honor of Moses Abramowitz (pp. 89-125). New York and London: Academic Press.

Easterlin, R. A. (1995). Will raising the incomes of all increase the happiness of all? Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 27, 35–47. doi:10.1016/0167-2681(95)00003-B

Easterlin, R. A. (2001). Income and happiness: Towards a unified theory. The Economic Journal, 111, 465–484. doi:10.1111/1468-0297.00646

Elliott, S., Powell, R., & Brenton, J. (2013). Being a good mom: Low-income, black single mothers negotiate intensive mothering. Journal of Family Issues, 20(10), 1-20.

Elliott, S., & Aseltine, E. (2013). Raising teenagers in hostile environments: How race, class, and gender matter for mothers’ protective carework. Journal of Family Issues, 34, 719-744. doi:10.1177/0192513X12452253

Fernández-Ríos, L., & Buela-Casal, G. (2009). Standards for the preparation and writing of psychology review articles. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 9(2), 329-344. doi:10.1177/0192513X13490279

Fenge, L.A., Hean, S., Worswick, L., Wilkinson, C., Fearnley, S., & Ersser, S. (2012). Health and Social Care in the Community, 20(6), 617–624.

Feres, J. C., & Villatoro, P. (2013). A viabilidade de se erradicar a pobreza: Uma análise conceitual e metodológica. Cadernos de Estudos Desenvolvimento Social em Debate, 15, 10-87.

Galinha, I., & Ribeiro, J. L. P. (2005). História e evolução do conceito de bem-estar subjetivo. Psicologia, Saúde e Doenças, 6(2), 203-214.

Gasparini, L., Escudero, W. S., Marchionni, M., & Olivieri, S. (2008). Income, deprivation, and perceptions in Latin America and the Caribbean: New evidence from the Gallup World Poll. CEDLAS, BA. Recuperado de

Graham, C. (2009). Happiness around the world: The paradox of happy peasants and miserable millionaires. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gosh, S. (2013). Citizenship in practice: Poverty reduction and self-help groups. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 1, 0-15. doi:10.1177/0021909613488351

Guardiola, J., Gonzalez-Gomez, F., Garcia-Rubio, M. A., & Lendechy-Grajales, A. (2012). Does higher income equal higher levels of happiness in every society? The case of the Mayan people. International Journal of Social Welfare, 22(1), 35–44. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2397.2011.00857.x

International Wellbeing Group. (2006). Personal wellbeing index—Adult. Melbourne, Vic: Australian Centre on Quality of Life. Recuperado de

Hochman, O., & Skopek, N. (2013). The impact of wealth on subjective well-being: A comparison of three welfare-state regimes. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 34, 127–141. doi:10.1016/j.rssm.2013.07.003

Howell, R. T., & Howell, C. J. (2008). The relation of economic status to subjective well-being in developing countries: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 134(4), 536–560. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.134.4.536

Huebner, E. S. (2004). Research on assessment of life satisfaction of children and adolescents. Social Indicators Research, 66, 3–33. doi:10.1023/B:SOCI.0000007497.57754.e3

Kerstenetsky, C. L. (2000). Desigualdade e pobreza: Lições de Sen. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais, 15(42), 113-122.

Lelli, S. (2001). Factor analysis vs. Fuzzy sets theory: Assessing the influence of different techniques on sen's functioning approach. Recuperado de

Luttmer, E. (2005). Neighbors as negatives: Relative earnings and well-being. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120, 963–1002. doi:10.1162/003355305774268255

Machado, W. L., & Bandeira, D. R. (2012). Bem-estar psicológico: definição, avaliação e conceitos correlatos. Estudos de Psicologia, 29(4), 587-595.

Margolis, R., & Myrskylae, M. (2013). Family, money, and health: Regional differences in the determinants of life satisfaction over the life course. Advances in Life Course Research, 18(1), 115-126. doi:10.1016/j.alcr.2013.01.001

Martos, T., & Kopp, M. (2012). Life goals and well-being: Does financial status matter? Evidence from a representative hungarian sample. Social Indicators Research, 105, 561–568. doi:10.1007/s11205-011-9788-7

Montero, M. (2006). Hacer para transformar: El método en Psicología Comunitaria. Paidós: Buenos Aires.

Montserrat, C., Casas, F. A., & Moura Jr, J. F. (2015). Children’s subjective well-being in disadvantaged situations. In E. Fernandez, A. Zeira, T. Vecchiato, & C. Canali (Eds.), Theoretical and empirical insights into child and family poverty, children’s well-being: Indicators and research 10, (pp. 111-126). New York, NY: Springer.

Moura Jr., J. F., Ximenes, V. M., & Sarriera, J. C. (2014). A construção opressora da pobreza no Brasil e suas consequências no psiquismo. Quaderns de Psicologia, 16(2), 85-93. doi:10.5565/rev/qpsicologia.1174

Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative. (2016). Global Multidimensional Poverty Index Databank. OPHI, University of Oxford

Paloutzian, R., & Ellison, C. W. (1982). Loneliness, spiritual well-being, and quality of life. In L. Peplau, & D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliness: A Sourcebook of Current Theory, Research and Therapy (pp. 204-233). New York, NY: Wiley Interscience.

Pedersen, P.V., Grønbæk, M., & Curtis, T. (2012). Associations between deprived life circumstances, wellbeing and self-rated health in a socially marginalized population. European Journal of Public Health, 22(5), 647–652. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckr128

Perry, B. L., Pullen, E. L., & Oser, C. B. (2012). Too Much of a Good Thing? Psychosocial resources, gendered racism, and suicidal ideation among low socioeconomic status African American women. Social Psychology Quarterly, 75(4), 334-359. doi: 10.1177/0190272512455932

Pitt, R., Sherman, J., Macdonald, M. A. (2016). Low-income working immigrant families in Quebec: Exploring their challenges to well-being, 106(8), 539-545. doi:10.17269/CJPH.106.5028

Prady, S. L., Bloor, K., Bradshaw, J., Tunstall, H., Petherick, E. S., & Pickett, K. (2015). Does administrative data reflect individual experience? Comparing an index of poverty with individually collected data on financial well-being in a multi-ethnic community. Social Policy and Society, 15(4), 513–535. doi:10.1017/S1474746415000597

Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2001). On Happiness and Human Potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 141-166. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.141

Rojas, M. (2011). Poverty and psychological distress in Latin America. Journal of Economic Psychology, 32, 206–217. doi:10.1016/j.joep.2010.01.014

Samman, E. (2007). Psychological and subjective wellbeing: A proposal for internationally comparable indicators. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative, OPHI. Recuperado de

Salama, P., & Destremau, B. (2002). Medidas de pobreza desmedida: Economía política de la distribución del ingreso. Santiago, Stg: LOM Ediciones.

Sarriera, J. C. (2015). O bem-estar sócio-comunitário: Bases conceituais e de pesquisa. In J. C. Sarriera, E. T. Saforcada, & J. I. Alfaro (Eds.), Perspectiva psicossocial na saúde comunitária: A comunidade como protagonista (pp. 63-88). Porto Alegre, RS: Sulina.

Sen, A. K. (1996). Capacidad y bienestar. In M. C. Nussbaum, & A. K. Sen (Eds.), La calidad de vida (pp. 23-45). México: FCE.

Sen, A. K. (2000). Desenvolvimento como liberdade. São Paulo, SP: Companhia das Letras.

Sen, A. (2013). What’s happening in Bangladesh? The Lancet, 382, 1966-1968. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)62162-5

Smith, L., & Romero, S. (2010). Psychological interventions in the context of poverty: Participatory action research as practice. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80(1), 12–25. doi:10.1111/j.1939-0025.2010.01003.x

Soares, S. S. D. (2009). Metodologias para estabelecer a linha de pobreza: Objetivas, subjetivas, relativas, multidimensional. Rio de Janeiro, RJ: IPEA.

Spaan, M. (2007). Evolution of a test item. Language Assessment Quarterly, 4(3), 279–293.

Teschl, M., & Comim, F. (2005). Adaptive preferences and capabilities: Some preliminary conceptual explorations. Review of Social Economy, 63(2), 229-247. doi:10.1080/00346760500130374

Tiliouine, H., Cummins, R. A., & Davern, M. (2006). Measuring wellbeing in developing countries: The case of Algeria. Social Indicators Research, 75, 1–30. doi:10.1007/s11205-004-2012-2

Tomyn, A. J., Tyszkiewicz, M. D. F., & Cummins, R. A. (2013). The personal wellbeing index: Psychometric equivalence for adults and school children. Social Indicators Research, 110, 913–924. doi:10.1007/s11205-011-9964-9

Wang, X., Shang, X., & Xu, L. (2011). Subjective well-being poverty of the elderly population in China. Social Policy & Administration, 45(6), 714–731. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9515.2011.00804.x

Watson, D., Clark, L., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validations of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.54.6.1063

Wilkinson, R. G., & Pickett, K. E. (2006). Income inequality and population health: A review and explanation of the evidence. Social Science and Medicine, 62, 1768–1784. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.08.036

Webb, D. (2009). Subjective wellbeing on the Tibetan Plateau: An exploratory investigation. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10(6), 753–768. doi:10.1007/s10902-008-9120-7

Zoltowski, A. P. C., Costa, A. B., Teixeira, M. A. P., & Koller, S. H. (2014). Qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas em periódicos de psicologia brasileiros. Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, 30(1), 97-104. doi:10.1590/1413-81232015208.10762014



  • Não há apontamentos.

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol.
E-ISSN: 2236-6407
DOI: 10.5433/2236-6407 

 Esta obra está licenciada com uma licença Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)