High resolution array-CGH analysis apparently balanced translocations reveals complex chromosomal rearrangement and cryptic deletions associated with the phenotypes

Tatiana Mozer Joaquim, Carlos Henrique Paiva Grangeiro, Fávia Gaona de Oliveira Gennaro, Clarissa Gondim Picanço de Albuquerque, Jair Huber, Jeremy Andrew Squire, Lúcia Regina Martelli

Resumo


Apparently balanced chromosomal rearrangements (ABCR) are estimated to occur in one in 600 individuals and in only about 7% of cases the ABCR is associated with an abnormal phenotype. Several studies, including this one, have demonstrated that the phenotypic effects might be associated with genomic imbalances are not always close to the ABCR breakpoint regions. In this phenotype-genotype correlative study we used array-CGH (platform 2x400K – Agilent®) to investigate six patients who carried an ABCRs and who had clinical findings reported at the genetics clinic. The findings differed among the patients, ranging from intellectual disability, developmental milestones delay, speech delay, dysmorphisms and behavioral disorders. Array-CGH analyses suggested that the rearrangements were “truly balanced” in 5 patients. Cryptic imbalances were found in 2, one of these was detected near from the rearranged area and the other was classified as an incidental finding. In the first case, diagnosed as a de novo complex translocation t(2;10;12)(q33;q24;q24.3) aCGH detected a 238,447 Kb loss encompassing the C10orf11 gene at 10q22.2, which is 20 Mb distant from the ABCR breakpoint region. A deletion at 2q33.1 (145,292kb loss) caused be a submicroscopic insertion from the 10q23 PTEN region was also detected.  PTEN multicolor FISH confirmed this aberration. Previous studies of the C10orf11 gene suggest that its haploinsufficiency could contribute to the cognitive defects and other dysmorphisms detected in our patient. The second ABCR was a t(3;15)(q29;q15) with no imbalance detected at the breakpoint regions. However an incidental 1.5 Mb deletion was seen at 2q24.2, that included the PSMD14 and TBR1 genes that have previously been linked to brain disorders and behavioral defects. According to the literature deletions at a considerable distance from breakpoints may be unrelated to the rearrangement, or they may reflect a more complex mechanism, that promotes both interchromosomal exchange and intrachromosomal deletion. This study provides additional evidence that ABCRs may be more complex at the genomic level, hiding cryptic rearrangements that could be associated with abnormal phenotypes.

Palavras-chave


Chromosomal rearrangement; Apparently balanced translocation; array CGH; Genotype-Phenotype correlation

Texto completo:

PDF


Direitos autorais 2018 Semina: Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.

Semina: Ciênc. Biol. Saúde

email: seminabio@uel.br

Londrina - PR
ISSN Print: 1676-5435

EISSN: 1679-0367