Analisys of the repetitive DNA fraction in species of the caesalpinia group (Leguminosae) reveal high abudance of chromovirus retrotransposons

Brena Van Lume, Mariana Alejandra Báez, Bruno Huettel, Andrea Pedrosa Harand, Luiz Gustavo Rodrigues Souza

Resumo


The Caesalpinia group includes ~205 species and 24 genera with pantropical distribution, of which only three occur in northeastern Brazil: Cenostigma, Libidibia and Paubrasilia. These genera, placed in three different clades, are characterized by having a numerically stable karyotype 2n = 24 (16M + 8A) and are the only of the Caesalpinia group presenting large heterochromatic chromomycin A3 (CMA+) bands at proximal chromosome regions. In order to characterize the repetitive fraction of these Northeastern Caesalpinia genera, genomic DNA was extracted from C. microphyllum, L. ferrea and P. echinata and sequenced by Illumina technology (2 x 250 bp, paired-end read mode). Repetitive DNA was analyzed using the Galaxy/RepeatExplorer-Elixir platform, which groups sequences based on similarity, generating clusters for different repetitive DNA families. A genome coverage of 0.1× (1C = 616.14, 891.88 and 917.02 Mbp for P. echinata, C. microphyllum, and L. ferrea, respectively) was analyzed for each species, and only clusters with relative abundance of at least 0.01% of the genome were considered. The 298 clusters generated for P. echinata, the 260 clusters for C. microphyllum and the 272 clusters for L. ferrea constitute approximately 60%, 38% and 42% of each genome, respectively. The analyzes revealed only three high confidence satellite DNA families for C. microphyllum and two for L. ferrea, with low genome abundance each. All species presented a greater proportion of Ty3-Gypsy elements than Ty1-Copia, with the Chromovirus lineage being the most abundant. Phylogenetic analysis based on the Chromovirus reverse transcriptase domain suggests homology of the most abundant elements identified in each species. This suggests that these retroelements may be strong candidates to occur at pericentromeric CMA+ heterochromatic bands. Comparative chromosomal mapping of these repetitive elements is necessary to confirm the presence of Chromovirus at proximal regions and will help understanding how amplification/desamplification dynamics drives heterochromatic diversity in Caesalpinia.


Palavras-chave


Heterochromatin; Repetitive DNA; Caesalpinia; NGS

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0367.2017v38n1suplp93

Direitos autorais 2018 Semina: Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.

Semina: Ciênc. Biol. Saúde

email: seminabio@uel.br

Londrina - PR
ISSN Print: 1676-5435

EISSN: 1679-0367