B chromosome influence on macro-spermatid amount in the grasshopper Abracris flavolineata (Orthoptera: Acrididae)

Lucas Albuquerque, Diogo Milani, Diogo Cabral de Mello

Resumo


BB chromosomes are additional elements that occur in some individuals of determined populations. These chromosomes are regularly known to behave as a parasitic element that could promote harmful effects to your hosts despite their ability of transmission related to distinct drive mechanisms. One of the effects of B chromosome presence is related to the abnormal formation of spermatids that could has interference on viability of gametes. Here, we tested if B chromosome harboring individuals (1B) of Abracris flavolineata present different rate of abnormal spermatids (presenting ploidy higher than haploidy “n”) in comparison to individuals with no B chromosomes (0B). Abnormal spermatids can be easily recognized by size and number of centriolar adjuncts labeled through silver nitrate treatment followed by Giemsa 5% staining. The counting of 400 spermatids of four individuals from Rio Claro/SP for each condition revealed mean percentage of macro spermatids of 0,625% in 0B samples, while for 1B samples a slightly increase was noticed, with 0,812%. For both conditions diploid spermatids were noticed, but for 1B individuals tetraploidy was also common. Our data, with occurrence of 30% more macro-spermatids in 1B individuals is contrasting with the observed in Eyprepocnemis plorans that showed an increase of almost five times the number of macro-spermatids on B carriers. The data suggests a less harmful effect of B chromosomes in reproduction capacity of A. flavolineata. A next step is to investigate if B chromosome would be present in these abnormal spermatids, indicating a defensive mechanism by the host genome, through B chromosome expulsion.


Palavras-chave


Supernumerary chromosomes; Spermatogenesis; Cytogenetic

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0367.2017v38n1suplp106

Direitos autorais 2018 Semina: Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.

Semina: Ciênc. Biol. Saúde

email: seminabio@uel.br

Londrina - PR
ISSN Print: 1676-5435

EISSN: 1679-0367