Centromere diversity from a structural and functional perspective

André Marques

Resumo


The centromere is the chromosomal site responsible for correct chromosome segregation during mitosis and meiosis in eukaryotic organisms. Although the centromere is generally conserved among distant eukaryotic lineages, recent studies have revealed an unexpected diversity in certain organisms, both structurally and functionally. In kinetoplastids unconventional kinetochores are build using a distinct set of proteins. Holocentric insects and some arachnids lack the CENH3 (and also CENP-C in most cases), so far thought to be an essential protein for centromere identity. Moreover, in Pisum and Lathyrus species the so-called meta-polycentric chromosomes were found, which are characterized by harboring several centromere domains. In the species Rhynchospora pubera was found for the first time a DNA repeat associated with CENH3 in a holocentric organism. Rhynchospora pubera has also been characterized by showing a restructuring of its holocentromeres during meiosis in contrast to its close relative Luzula elegans. Thus, these recent studies have demonstrated that despite of the general “cetromere rules”, some organisms may have alternative ways to build and behave its centromeres.

Palavras-chave


Centrome diversity; Chromosome segregation; Repetitive DNA

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Direitos autorais 2018 Semina: Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.

Semina: Ciênc. Biol. Saúde

email: seminabio@uel.br

Londrina - PR
ISSN Print: 1676-5435

EISSN: 1679-0367