The B chromosome of the grasshopper Abracris flavolineata: from populational analysis to cytogenomics

Diogo Cavalcanti Cabral de Mello

Resumo


B chromosomes occur in addition to normal chromosome complement (A complement) in about 15% of Eukaryotes. For Orthoptera they were noticed in about 190 species with prevalence in the superfamily Acridoidea (14.6%), which is considered a “hot spot” for B chromosome emergence. One of these Acridoidea species is Abracris flavolineata (Ommatolampidinae), a South American grasshopper that harbor one or two submetacentric B chromosomes. The main difference for this species in comparison to most other B chromosomes is that in A. flavolineata the B chromosome is not enriched of heterochromatin. In this way we have to explore this species as model to understand composition, evolution and possible transcriptional activity of B chromosomes. In this talk the evolutionary history of A. flavolineata B chromosome will be presented from geographical and temporal population analysis to cytogenetic point to view. These histories are based in obtaining of integrated data, like chromosomal analysis, molecular studies, high-throughput DNA sequencing and imunocytogenetics that revealed interesting picture concerning B chromosome evolution.


Palavras-chave


Genome evolution; Imunocytogenetics; Repetitive DNAs; Supernumerary chromosomes

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Direitos autorais 2018 Semina: Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.

Semina: Ciênc. Biol. Saúde

email: seminabio@uel.br

Londrina - PR
ISSN Print: 1676-5435

EISSN: 1679-0367