Immobilization of microbial cells and their biotechnological applications

Luiz Gustavo Covizzi, Ellen Cristine Giese, Eleni Gomes, Robert F. H. Dekker, Roberto da Silva

Abstract


This work presents an overview of different methods and carriers used to immobilize microbial cells. Methods of adsorption, entrapment and encapsulation of microorganisms are discussed, as well as of natural immobilization. The use of physical and chemical proceedings to immobilize cells in order to enhance the yields of bacteria, yeast and fungal metabolites by fermentation processes are described, as well as their biotechnological applications as biocatalystis.

Keywords


Cell Immobilization; Biocatalystis; Carriers; Immobilized Cells; Methods of Cell Immobilization; Bioprocesses; Natural Immobilization.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0375.2007v28n2p143

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