Seedling emergence and early growth of jatropha plants exposed to aluminum

Carla Regina Baptista Gordin, Rodolpho Freire Marques, Rosangela Juliana Marques Rosa, Adriana Marques dos Santos, Silvana de Paula Quintão Scalon

Abstract


Jatropha curcas L. is a potential oilseed crop for biodiesel production with scarce information about the aluminum effect on the emergence and early growth. This work aimed to evaluate the seed germination and early plant growth of Jatropha plants subjected to aluminum in the irrigation water. Seedlings emergence was evaluated in the presence of five concentrations of aluminum chloride hexahydrated (AlCl3.6H2O) in irrigation water: 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 mmol L-1. Data was taken on percentage of seedling emergence, speed index, average time for emergence, height, root lengths and shoot and root dry weights. In another experiment, the plants were raised in absence of aluminum up to 25 days after sowing (DAS) and then subjected to the same aluminum concentration in the first experiment. Data was taken on survival rate, chlorophyll content, leaf area, height, root length and shoot and root dry weights. The emergence and speed index of Jatropha seedlings was reduced by the increased aluminum concentrations in irrigation water, with a decrease in seedling emergence of 98% at concentration of 20 mmol L-1. The plants exposed to aluminum at 25 DAS had leaf edge rolling, leaf chlorosis and necrosis, and reduced survival rate, leaf area, chlorophyll content, and shoot and root lengths and dry weights. Therefore, the aluminum in solution affect the seedlings emergence and early growtht of Jatropha plants, observing its toxic effect from the concentration of 5 mmol L-1.


Keywords


Jatropha curcas L.; Oil plant; Toxicity.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2013v34n1p147

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional