Performance of banana cultivars in Médio Paranapanema region, São Paulo state, Brazil

Mara Rubia Camolesi, Carmem Silvia Vieira Janeiro Neves, Adriana Novais Martins, Eduardo Suguino

Abstract


The banana crop is considered an economic alternative for farmers of the Médio Paranapanema region, in the Planalto Paulista, Brazil. This study aimed to identify banana plants genotypes adapted to local soil and climatic conditions. The experimental area was installed in the municipality of Palmital, SP, with plantlets of nine cultivars: Caipira, Thap Maeo, Prata Zulu, Preciosa, Maravilha, PV 4253, Nanicão IAC 2001, Nanicão Jangada and Grande Naine. Vegetative and reproductive parameters of the plants were evaluated, besides the characteristics of the fruits. The genotypes belonging to Cavendish subgroup showed better vegetative and productive results, with emphasis for ‘Nanicao Jangada’ that had the best performance for the most production characters evaluated. The cultivars Prata Zulu and Thap Maeo had results similar to Nanicão IAC 2001 cultivated in the region, and can be an alternative crop since they have resistance to yellow and black sigatokas, major diseases of the crop. The genotypes Maravilha and PV4253 showed to be promising for the region, and need to be evaluated further in subsequent cycles.


Keywords


Banana; Musa sp.; Varieties; Production.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n6Supl1p2931

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional