Seed transmission and pathogenicity of Pestalotiopsis sp. in seedlings of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi

Caciara Gonzatto Maciel, Tiago Silveira Ferrera, Marciéli Pitorini Bovolini, Rogério Gonzatto, Marlove Fátima Brião Muniz, Galileu Adeli Buriol

Abstract


This study aimed to verify the transmission of fungi through seeds of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi. (aroeira-vermelha) collected in the municipality of Santa Maria-RS, as well as the pathogenicity of the fungus Pestalotiopsis sp. Isolated from these seeds, aroeira-vermelha seedlings. For the transmission test 100 seeds were used, divided into four replicates of 25 each. The seeds were sown in sand and the evaluations were weekly, quantified the number of seedlings emerging and symptomatic. The fungus Pestalotiopsis sp. identified in a high percentage in both the sanity test (55%) and in the transmission test (52%) was isolated in culture medium for subsequent verification of pathogenicity. Inoculation of Pestalotiopsi sp. in seedlings of aroeira-vermelha spraying was carried out via the concentration of 2.106 conidia/mL, the evaluations were weekly for 28 days. The fungi identified in the test transmission were: Pestalotiopsis sp. (52%), Fusarium sp. (15%) and Cladosporium sp. (12%). The fungus Pestalotiopsis sp. presented the seedlings of aroeira-vermelha pathogenic, causing leaf spots that coalesced with the

passage of time, and lead to the fall of leaves.


Keywords


Aroeira-vermelha; Ornamental; Germination; Sanity; Fungus.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n6Supl1p2767

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional