Nutrients extraction and exportation by Savana castor bean hybrid: II – Micronutrients

Carlos Alexandre Costa Crusciol, Martha Santana do Nascimento, Adalton Mazetti Fernandes, Maurício Dutra Zanotto

Abstract


Information about micronutrients extraction and exportation by castor bean hybrids of short stature, and the periods of highest demand for each micronutrient, are most importance for correct management to fertilization. This study aimed to evaluate the micronutrients extraction and exportation by Savana hybrid castor bean, on season and out-of-season growing. The experiments were conducted during season of 2005/2006 and out-of-season of 2006 in an Oxisol. The experimental design was a randomized block with four replications. The plots were consisted by harvest times of plants, which were carried out at 17, 31, 45, 59, 73, 97 and 120 days after emergence (DAE) during the season and at 17, 31, 45, 59, 80; 100 and 120 DAE in the out-of-season. In both seasons the order of micronutrients extraction by hybrid Savanna is: Fe> Mn> Zn> B> Cu> Mo, but with larger amounts of season cultivation. The time of greatest Zn and Mo absorption during the season and the Fe in out-ofseason occurs at 80 DAE, although the other micronutrients are absorbed at higher rates between 50 and 65 DAE. In season the yield, nutrients extraction and exportation to soil are higher than out-of-season, but the nutrients extraction and exportation per ton show less variation between growing seasons. On average 50% of zinc uptake over the cycle and 60% of Cu absorbed in out-of-season is exported with grains, but for the other micronutrients the proportion exported with grains is less than 40%.


Keywords


Ricinus communis; Mineral nutrition; Absorption curves; Absorption rates; Yield.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n6Supl1p2637

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional