Effects of insecticides used in Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) biotype B control and their selectivity to natural enemies in soybean crop

Simone Silva Vieira, Mari Inês Carissimi Boff, Adeney Freitas Bueno, Alysson Luis Gobbi, Rafael Vicentini Lobo, Regiane Cristina Oliveira de Freitas Bueno

Abstract


In recent crop seasons, the whitefly, Bemisia tabaci biotype B has become a serious pest in soybean crops due to high infestations and its control difficulties. Therefore, it is important to search control alternatives in the integrated pest management approach. Thus, it was evaluated in this study the efficacy of the whitefly control using different insecticides in greenhouse conditions and their selectivity to the parasitoids Encarsia formosa, Trichogramma pretiosum and Telenomus remus. Buprofezin 150 g. a.i.ha-1 + mineral oil 0.2% v/v and pyriproxyfen 100 g. a.i.ha-1 were considered the best options for the whitefly management due to combine good pest control efficacy with higher selectivity to the parasitoids except Encarsia formosa for which no treatment was classified as harmless. Betacyflutrin 9.375 + imidacloprid 75 g. i.a. ha-1 was efficient on controlling whiteflies nymphs but was not harmless to the studied natural enemies. In general, the treatments including pyretroids compounds (betacyflutrin 9.375 + imidacloprid 75 + spiromesifen 60, betacyflutrin 9.375 + imidacloprid 75 and lambda-cyhalothrin 26.5 + thiametoxan 35.25 g. a.i. ha-1) were the most harmful to the evaluated parasitoids and therefore it use should be avoid whenever possible.


Keywords


Insecticides; Parasitoids; Whitefly; Integrated pest.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n5p1809

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional