Asian rust and soybean productivity under potassium fertilization and fungicide, in the 2007/08 Cropseason

Rafael Bonifácio Sabino Doreto, Walber Luiz Gavassoni, Eulene Francisco da Silva, Marlene Estevão Marchetti, Lilian Maria Arruda Bacchi, Fabio Fernando Stefanello

Abstract


Potassium has a major impact on plant diseases. Thus, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of potassium fertilization with and without fungicide sprays on asian soybean rust incidence and severity, in Dourados – MS, Brazil, in the 2007/08 cropseason. The experiment was lead in Oxisol (Typic Haplustox), cultivated on no-tillage system on corn mulching. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with six replications, and treatments arranged in split-plots (plots – five K2O rates (0; 40; 80; 120 and 160 kg ha-1) using as fertilizer the potassium chloride (KCl) and subplots (presence and absence of fungicide sprays with azoxystrobin+ciproconazole). The incidence and severity of asian soybean rust, yield and 100 grains weight were analyzed. Fungicide application was essential for asian soybean rust control resulting in yield increase as well as weight of 100 grains. Without chemical protection yield was reduced in 22% (574.1 kg ha-1), and the weight of 100 grains decreased 18.6%. The rate of 80 kg ha-1 K2O associated with fungicide application was promising to reduce the deleterious effects of asian soybean rust considering the incidence in the middle portion and the upper third of the plants and severity in the upper third of the soybean plants.


Keywords


Phakopsora pachyrhiz; Nutrição mineral; Adubação.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n3p941

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional