Commercial quality of different corn hybrids as a function of grain moisture content during the harvest

Odair José Marques, Pedro Soares Vidigal Filho, Carlos Alberto Scapim, Deivid Lincoln Reche, Luiz Fernando Pricinotto, Ricardo Shigueru Okumura

Abstract


The objective this work was evaluate the commercial quality of grains of differents commercial corn hybrids as a function of grain moisture content during the harvest. The work was conducted in Astorga – PR, during the autumn/winter harvest of 2007 and the summer harvest of 2007/2008, evaluated three hybrids for harvest. The corn grain samples were collected in five distinguished periods and also in five replications, being underwent to moisture content determination at an oven heated to 103 ± 1 ºC for 72 h. The samples were passed through metal sieves of circular sieve of 4.76 mm in diameter and then the waste is manually separated portions of the impurities, broken grain and grain damaged by insects. The data were submitted to analyses of variance and regression under a arrangement completely randomized design, The percentages of impurities were higher in crop moisture content higher. While the percentage of broken grains were lower, regardless of the hybrid and the trial period. The percentage of grain damaged by insects raised linearly with the reduction of moisture in corn grains, in all hybrids and in two evaluation periods. The moisture content between 22.0% and 26.0% (w.b.) proportionated the best quality of the corn grain, considered this humitidy band as the best moment to harvest grains.


Keywords


Zea mays L; post-harvest; harvest time; mechanical damage; waste.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n3p911

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional