Environmental characterization and soil organic matter prediction for Salto Watershed, Extrema, MG

Anna Hoffmann Oliveira, Mayesse Aparecida da Silva, Marx Leandro Naves Silva, Junior Cesar Avanzi, Nilton Curi, Gabriela Camargos Lima, Paulo Henrique Pereira

Abstract


Rational management in a watershed requires knowledge of several important parameters regarding the hydrology, including morphometric, vegetation cover and soil organic matter (MOS) amounts. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the morphometric characteristics, identify the existence of vegetation using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and analyze the spatial variability of the organic matter amount, obtained through combination of landscape properties of the Salto Sub-basin, Extrema, MG, Brazil. Digitalized topographic maps, satellites images and the Inverse Distance Weighted interpolation methods were used to acquire the MOS spatial variability. The Salto Sub-basin has a median tendency for flooding; drainage is efficient and highly branched. Most part of the Sub-basin is occupied by degraded pastures with vegetation with high biomass occurs mainly in headwater areas. The properties set that better estimated the MOS was slope, profile curvature, NDVI and topographic wetness index (TWI). In most of the study area, MOS showed medium amount (2.01 to 4.00 dag kg-1), with higher levels in areas of high altitudes (about 1,600 m) at the headwaters of the Sub-basin.


Keywords


Morphometric; Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI); Organic matter.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2012v33n1p143

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional