Residues of sugar cane crop and its effects on the epigeic invertebrate fauna

Irzo Isaac Rosa Portilho, Clovis Daniel Borges, Alex Ramos Costa, Júlio César Salton, Fábio Martins Mercante

Abstract


This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the availability of sugar cane residues on the epigeic invertebrate fauna. The evaluations were made after cane sugar harvest f, considering three levels of residues: 0% (total removal of residues from the soil surface), 50% (removal of half of the waste in the plots, the dry mass of 7.6 Mg ha-1) and 100% (keeping track of residues produced, dry mass of 16.9 Mg ha-1). A fragment of native vegetation in the region, located close to the sugar cane crop, was evaluated for comparison. The experimental plots were arranged in a randomized block design with eight replications. Each plot consisted of five rows 20 m long, were installed two pitfalls to capture the invertebrate fauna, representing sixteen traps in each treatment, totaling forty-eight throughout the experiment. The organisms were extracted manually and identified at major taxonomic groups. The highest diversity and groups richness of epigeic invertebrate fauna were observed in the cane sugar crop with the maintenance of the surface residues (100 and 50%). Moreover, complete removal of residues from the soil surface promoted a significant reduction of the soil invertebrates organisms. Soil samples were collected for evaluation of chemical attributes. The organisms of epigeic invertebrate fauna showed sensitive in detecting changes in systems, depending on the maintenance of plant residues of sugar cane.


Keywords


Saccharum sp.; Edaphic fauna; Bioindicator.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2011v32n3p959

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional