Optimizing the rate of phosphorus to enhance grain yield and quality in two Camelina sativa (L.) crantz accessions

Muhammad Mansoor Javaid, Muhammad Arsalan Saeed, Hasnain Waheed, Muhammad Ather Nadeem, Muhammad Faizan Ahmad, Ahsan Aziz, Allah Wasaya, Masood Iqbal, Athar Mahmood, Rashad Mukhtar Balal

Abstract


Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz is an emerging oil seed crop and research information on its response to different levels of phosphorous (P) fertilizer is lacking. The two years study was performed to investigate the response of C. sativa to various rates of P fertilizer. The experiments were laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with factorial arrangement having four replications. The P was applied in soil at the rate of 0, 30, 40 and 60 kg ha-1 to two C. sativa accessions namely Canadian and Australian. Soil applied phosphorus rates had significant effects on the growth, yield and quality of C. sativa and two accessions were varied to each other. Australian accession performed better in terms of quality traits and Canadian was superior in terms of seed yield. An increase in P rate improved growth, yield and quality and 60 kg P ha-1 resulted in maximal crop growth rate (6.79), seed yield (1239 kg ha-1), total P uptake (0.67%) and oil contents (39.8%). The regression model estimated that each increment in P rate increased the seed yield by 11.5 and 11.2 kg ha-1 in Canadian and Australian accessions, respectively. Conclusively, increases in P rates (0 to 60 kg ha-1) impart a positive impact on C. sativa accessions and 60 kg P ha-1 was most effective to achieve optimum yield and profitability.

Keywords


Fertilization; Oil contents.;Seed P uptake; Crop growth rate.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, H. B., Amin, M. A., Hussian, I., Rafique, C. M., Naveed, M., Awais, M. A., Aqeel, M. (2014). Effect of different sowing dates on yield contributing traits of Mash bean (Vigna mungo L.). International Journal of Agronomy and Agriculture Research, 5(6), 42-48. Retrieved from http:// citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download? doi: 10.1.1.677.8758&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Ahmada, F., Uddina, S., Ahmada, N., & Islam, R. (2013). Phosphorus-microbes interaction on growth, yield and phosphorus-use efficiency of irrigated cotton. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 59(3), 341-351. doi: 10.1080/03650340.2011.646994

Alam, S. M., Shah, S. A., & Akhtar, M. (2003). Varietal differences in wheat yield and phosphorus use efficiency as influenced by method of phosphorus application. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 25(2), 175-181. Retrieved from http://www.thaiscience.info/journals/Article/SONG/10462 343.pdf

Ali, A., Hussain, M., Tanveer, A., Nadeem, M. A., & Haq, T. (2002). Effect of different levels of phosphorus on seed and oil yield of two genotypes of linseed (Linumu sitatissimum L.). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 39(4), 281-282. Retrieved from https://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do? recordID=PK2006000040

Aziz, T., Rahmatullah, M., Maqsood, A., & Mansoor, T. (2005). Differences in phosphorus absorption, transport and utilization by twenty rice (Oriza sativa L.) cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 42(2-3), 8-15.

Aziz, T., Rahmatullah, M., Maqsood, A., Tahir, M. A., Ahmad, I., & Cheema, M. A. (2006). Phosphorus utilization by six brassica cultivars (Brassica juncea L.) from tri-calcium phosphate; a relatively insoluble P compound. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 38(5), 529-538. Retrieved from http://www.pakbs. org/pjbot/PDFs/38(5)/PJB38(5)1529.pdf

Baghestani, M. A., Zand, E., Soufizadeh, S., Beheshtian, M., Haghighi, A., Barjasteh, A., Deihimfard, R. (2008). Study on the efficacy of weed control in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with tank mixtures of grass herbicides with broadleaved herbicides. Crop Protection, 27(1), 104-111. doi: 10.1016/j.cropro. 2007.04.013

Borges, R., & Mallarino, A. P. (2001). Deep banding phosphorous and potassium fertilizers for corn managed with ridge tillage. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 65(2), 376-384. doi: 10.2136/sssaj 2001.652376x

Bugnarug, C., & Borcean, I. (2000). A study on the effect of fertilizers on the crop and oil content of Camelina sativa L. Senior Labor - Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences Scedilla Veterinary Medicine Banat Timiscedilla, 32(2), 541-544.

Cheema, M. A., Malik, M. A., Hussain, A., Shah, S. H., & Basra, S. M. A. (2001). Effects of time and rate of nitrogen and phosphorus application on the growth and the seed and oil yields of canola (Brassica napus L.). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 186(2), 103-110. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-037X.2001.00463.x

Dash, S. (2005). Screening plant species for potential adaptation as agronomic crops in North Dakota. Master thesis, North Dakota State University, Fargo, USA.

Dobre, P., Jurcoane, S., Matei, F., Stelica, C., Farcas, N., & Moraru, A. C. (2014). Camelina sativa as a double crop using the minimal tillage system. Romanian Biotechnological Letters, 19(2), 9190-9195.

Fageria, N. K., Baligar, V. C., Moreira, A., & Moraes, L. A. C. (2013). Soil phosphorous influence on growth and nutrition of tropical legume cover crops in acidic soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 44(22), 3340-3364. doi: 10.1080/00103624.2013.847954

Franzen, D. W., & Cihacek, L. J. (1996). North Dakota fertilizer recommendation tables and equations based on soil test levels and yield goals, bull. SF-882. Servey, Fargo, ND: North Dakota State University of Extension.

Gill, M. A., Mansoor, S., Aziz, T., Rahmatullah, A., & Akhtar, M. S. (2002). Differential growth response and phosphorus utilization efficiency of rice genotypes. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 39(2), 83-87.

Gugel, R. K., & Falk, K. C. (2006). Agronomic and seed quality evaluation of Camelina sativa in western Canada. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 86(4), 1047-1058. doi: 10.4141/P04-081

Haby, V. A., Russelle, M. P., & Skogley, E. O. (1990). Testing soils for potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Soil Testing and Plant Analysis, 3(1), 181-227. doi: 10.2136/sssabookser3.3ed.c8

Idris, M., Mahmood, T., & Malik, K. A. (1989). Response of field-grown chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) to phosphorus fertilization for yield and nitrogen fixation. Plant and Soil, 114(1), 135-138. doi: 10.1007/ BF02203091

Irshad, S., Rehman, H., Wahid, M. A., Saleem, F. M., Basra, S. M. A., & Saeed, M. T. (2015). Influence of phosphorus application on growth, yield and oil quality of linola. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 39(6), 856-865. doi: 10.1080/01904167.2015.1088021

Kitson, R. E., & Mellon, M. G. (1944). Colorimetric determination of phosphorus as molybdivanadophosphoric acid. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Analytical Edition, 16(6), 379-383. doi: 10.1021/i560130a017




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2021v42n5p2735

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional