Cyperus difformis L. resistance to pyrazosulfuron-ethyl herbicide and option control

Dirceu Agostinetto, Taísa Dal Magro, Leandro Vargas, José Alberto Noldin

Abstract


Cyperus difformis L. is a weed occurrence in flooded rice, that it has been presenting control difficulty due to ALS inhibiting herbicides resistance. The objectives of this work was to determine necessary rate 50% control of the population (C50) and reduce 50% of the production the aerial dry mass (GR50) in resistant and susceptible biotypes of C. difformis and evaluate the control of these biotypes with alternative herbicides recommended for that species. For that, two experiments were performed at green house of FAEM/UFPel arranged in a completely randomized design, with four replicates. The experiment I were consisted of resistant (CYPDI 9) and susceptible of C. difformis biotype and rate of the pyrazosulfuron-ethyl herbicide, corresponding to 0, 0,5, 1, 1,5, 2, 2,5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 16, 32 and 64 times de registered rate (20g ha-1). The evaluated variables were visual control and aerial dry mass (MPAS) to the 28 days after the application of the treatments (DAT). In the experiment II the treatments were consisted of the same biotype (CYPDI 9 and CYPDI 8), nine herbicides azimsulfuron (6g ha-1); bentazon (900g ha-1); bispyribac-sodium (48g ha-1); carfentrazone-ethyl (40g ha-1); ethoxysulfuron (72g ha-1); glyphosate (900g ha-1); penoxsulam (36g ha-1); propanil (3600g ha-1) and pyrazosulfuron-ethyl (20g ha-1) and checks that didn't applied herbicide. The evaluated variables were: visual control for the herbicides to the 14, 21 and 28 DAT, foliate area and MPAS to 28 DAT. Before the results, it can be concluded that the resistance of the C. difformis biotype to pyrazosulfuron-ethyl is elevated and it makes unfeasible her control for the herbicide and the herbicides carfentrazone-ethyl, bentazon e propanil holders of alternative action mechanisms to the pyrazosulfuron-ethyl, control the resistant biotype of C. difformis.


Keywords


Acetolactato sintase; ALS; C50 ; Smallflower umbrella sedge



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2011v32n3p839

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional