Nutrients concentrations in the flag leaf and grains of black-oat affected by phosphate and potassium fertilization

Carlos Alexandre Costa Cruscil, João Nakagawa, Claudemir Zucareli

Abstract


The black oat (Avena strigosa Schreber) has been commonly used as green manure, in crop rotation systems under no-tillage, fall-winter crop, and for cattle grazing, hay, and silage. The objective of this work was to evaluate the nutrient concentrations in the flag leaf and grains of black-oat affect by phosphate and potassium fertilization. The experiment was carried out under field conditions on a Rhodic Nitosol, in Botucatu, São Paulo State, Brazil. Three doses of single superphosphate (0, 40 and 80 kg.ha-1 of P2O5) and three of potassium chloride (0, 20 and 40 kg ha-1 of K2O) were tested as a factorial (3 x 3), in a randomized complete block design, with four replicates. The fertilizers were applied in the sowing row. Ammonium sulphate was supplied for all plots (20 kg ha-1 of N applied at sowing and 30 kg.ha-1 after tillering stage). The concentrations of Ca, Mg, S, Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn in the flag leaf and the P and K concentrations in the grain were increased by phosphate fertilizer application. The potassic fertilization had no effect on the concentrations of nutrients in the flag leaf and grains of black-oat.


Keywords


Avena strigosa; Phosphate; Potassium; Macronutrients; Micronutrients



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2009v30n4p833

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional