Infrared thermography and Doppler ultrasonography to evaluate the effects of scrotal insulation on testicular blood flow dynamics in bulls

Flávio Antonio Barca Junior, Celso Koetz Junior, Patrícia da Cruz Fávaro, Gabriel Ribas Pereira, Silvio Renato Oliveira Menegassi, Fábio Morotti, Victor Hugo Gonçalves Galdioli, Anne Kemmer Souza, Júlio Otávio Jardim Barcellos, Marcelo Marcondes Seneda

Abstract


The aim of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of the scrotal temperature, sperm quality and testicular blood flow by using infrared thermography and Doppler ultrasonography in bulls submitted to scrotal insulation. Braford bulls (n = 8) at 18 months of age, were assigned into the following groups: insulated for 72 h (G 72; n = 2), 96 h (G 96, n = 2), 120 h (G 120, n = 2), and control animals (CON; n = 2) that remained without insulation. Infrared thermography and Doppler ultrasonography parameters were measured at four different time points: immediately after the scrotal insulation (M0), within 10 min (M10), 30 min (M30) and 60 min (M60) after scrotal insulation. The sperm quality was evaluated weekly (S1/S12). The data were analyzed by ANOVA, t-test (paired) and Pearson's correlation with a significance level of 5%. None of the observed variables were different between the insulated groups (P > 0.05). Insulated animals showed higher scrotal temperature in M0 compared to that in the M10, M30 and M60 periods (P < 0.05). There was no difference in the pulsatility and resistive indexes after scrotal insulation. However, blood flow velocity was higher in M10 compared to that in the M0, M30 and M60 periods (P < 0.05). The sperm quality was higher (P < 0.05) in all twelve collections from the control group compared with the insulated groups. Scrotal insulation resulted in changes in the sperm quality, scrotal temperature and testicular blood flow velocity.

Keywords


Heat stress; Testicular blood flow; Thermotolerance.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2020v41n4p1267

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
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DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
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