Effects of two methods of drying on quality physical and chemical grain winter corn - RS, stored for 6 months

Gelson Schuh, Roberto Gottardi, Edar Ferrari Filho, Luidi Eric Guimarães, Rafael Gomes Dionello

Abstract


The objective of this study was to evaluate the physical and chemical quality of maize, harvested in July, in Eldorado do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, using two drying methods and stored for 6 months in bulk. The study was conducted in the EEA of UFRGS, in Eldorado do Sul - RS in the crop year 2007/2008, the harvested grain with humidity of about 30%, and were subsequently subjected to drying in-bin drying of concrete, using two methods, 1. Stationary drying with natural air is not heated at room temperature, 2. Stationary drying with natural air heated with LPG. The height of layer for drying was one meter in all silos. After drying the grains were stored in bulk in their own silos, where they were drying out. Subsequently, at intervals of 3 months were carried out following physical chemical analysis: 1000 grain weight, volumetric weight, moisture, crude protein, ether extract, ash and carbohydrates. The drying of the grains was conducted with air flow of 2.52 m3.s-1, the average air temperature during drying with natural air was 17 °C, during drying with air natural heated with LPG was 22 °C. The average air drying naturally was 48 hours, while for drying with warm air naturally with LPG was 34 hours. Grains of corn were harvested with moisture content of 31.88% and then dried with natural air to reach 15.70% moisture and air heated with natural LPG up 13.39% moisture. Based on the results we can conclude that: 1. The drying with natural air heated with LPG was faster than air drying in natural conditions of the study; 2. In conditions of high humidity and low temperature drying with natural air should be performed with care due to the equilibrium moisture content; 3. The two drying methods are feasible in terms of quality, but the losses of crude protein, lipid and carbohydrates were higher during the first six months of storage in dry grains with natural air; 4. The natural air drying can be an excellent alternative and low cost to small farmers to dry grain.


Keywords


Storage; Natural air; Liquefied petroleum; Quality.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2011v32n1p235

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional