Blood typing and haematological analysis of domestic feline donors

Darlan Henrique Canei, Marcela Natacha Aparecida Rocha, Samilla Juliana Barbosa Barroso, Paulo Victor Braga de Almeida Santos, Náthalye Fernandes Pelegrini, Mariana Elisa Pereira, Valéria Régia Franco Sousa, Adriane Jorge Mendonça, Arleana do Bom Parto Ferreira de Almeida


Blood typing is critical to avoid adverse reactions to transfusions. Felines have three blood-types: A, B, and AB and have natural alloantibodies the opposite blood type, in addition to the Mik type described recently. The presence of alloantibodies is important in the selection of blood donors in order to minimize the occurrence of transfusion reactions, and blood typing is essential in this context. This study aimed to identify blood types and perform a haematological analysis of feline blood donor candidates. Sixty clinically healthy felines of different races, weighing more than four kilograms, and ranging from one to eight years old, were evaluated. After clinical evaluation, blood samples were collected for hemogram and blood typing with the LabTest A+B® immunochromatographic test. All cats had a haematocrit level within normal range (mean: 34.12%), six (10%) presented with leucocytosis and 24 (40%) with thrombocytopenia, reinforcing the importance of haematological monitoring of blood donor animals. Regarding blood typing, all domestic felines selected as blood donors had type A blood. This is the first study on frequencies of feline blood types performed in the region.


Transfusion; Cats; Blood; AB blood group.

Full Text:



Baker, D. C. (2015). Diagnóstico das anormalidades de hemostasia. In M. A. Thrall, G. Weiser, R. W. Allison, & T. W. Campbell (Ed.), Hematologia e bioquímica clínica veterinária (2a ed., pp. 399-439). São Paulo: Roca.

Barfield, D., & Adamantos, S. (2011). Feline blood transfusions: a pinker shade of pale. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 13(1), 11-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jfms.2010.11.006

Gibson, G. (2007). Transfusion medicine. In L. King, & A. Boag (Ed.), Manual of canine and feline emergency and critical care (2a ed., pp. 215-226). United Kingdom: BSAVA.

Granat, F., Geffré, A., Braun, J. P., & Trumel, C. (2011). Comparison of clumping and complete blood count results with Sysmex XT-2000iV in feline blood sampled on EDTA or EDTA plus CTAD (citrate, theophylline, adenosis and dipyridamole). Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 13(12), 953-958. doi: 10.1016/j.jfms.2011.07.014

Guerra, T. A., Lacerda, L. A., Oliveira, S. T., Esteves, V. S., & González, F. H. D. (2007). Tipagem sanguínea em felinos: 148 gatos domésticos na rotina laboratorial do Lacvet-UFGRGS. Acta Scientiae Veterinariae, 35(Supl. 2), 573-574.

Gunn-Moore, D. A., Simpson, K. E., & Day, M. J. (2009). Blood types in Bengal cats in the UK. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 11(10), 826-828. doi: 10.1016/j.jfms.2009.03.008

Gurkan, M., Arikan, S., Ozaytekin, E., & Dodurka, T. (2005). Titres of alloantibodies against A and B blood types in non-pedigree domestic cats in Turkey: assessing the transfusion reaction risk. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 7(5), 301-305. doi: 10.1016/j.jfms.2005.03.003

Haldane, S., Robert, J., Marks, S. L., & Rafee, M. R. (2004). Transfusion medicine. Compendium of Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, 26(7), 502-518.

Hohenhaus, A. E. (2004). Importance of blood groups and blood group antibodies in companion animals. Transfusion Medicine Reviews, 18(2), 117-126. doi: 10.1016/j.tmrv.2003.12.003

Klaser, D. A., Reine-Salz, N., & Hohenhaus, A. E. (2005). Red blood cell transfusions in cats: 126 cases (1999). Journal of American Veterinary Medicine Association, 226(6), 920-923. doi: 10.2460/javma.2005.226.920

Medeiros, M. A., Soares, A. M., Alviano, D. S., Eizemberg, R., Silva, M. H. da, & Almosny, N. R. (2008). Frequencies of feline blood types in the Rio de Janeiro area of Brazil. Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 37(3), 272-276. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-165X.2008.00051.x

Pennisi, M. G., Hartmann, H., Addie, D. D., Lutz, H., Gruffydd-Jones, T., Boucraut-Baralon, C., & Mostl, K. (2015). Blood transfusion in cats ABCD guidelines for minimising risks of infectious iatrogenic complications. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 17(7), 588-593. doi: 10.1177/1098612X15588449

Proverbio, D., Spada, E., Baggiani, L., Perego, R., Milici, A., & Ferro, E. (2011). Comparison of gel column agglutination with monoclonal antibodies and card agglutination methods for assessing the feline AB group system and a frequency study of feline blood types in northern Italy. Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 40(1), 32-39. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-165X.2011.00286.x

Spada, E., Miglio, A., Proverbio, D., Antognoni, M. T., De Giorgi, G. B., Ferro, E., & Mangili, V. (2014). Signalment and blood types in cats being evaluated as blood donors at two Italian University blood banks. Veterinary Medicine International, 2014,1-3. doi: 10.1155/2014/704836

Weinstein, N. M., Blais, M. C., Oakley, D. A., Aronson, L. R., & Giger, U. (2007). A newly recognized blood group in domestic shorthair cats: the Mik red cell antigen. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 21(2), 287-292. doi: 10.1892/0891-6640(2007)21[287:anrbgi];2


Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional