Frequency of Mycoplasma haemocanis infection in dogs of Cuiaba, Mato Grosso, Brazil

Débora Ferreira dos Santos, Arleana do Bom Parto Ferreira de Almeida, Mayara Aparecida Araujo Cayuela, Vanessa Danielle de Freitas, Maíra Fernanda Gonçalves Koiyoma, Valéria Dutra, Valéria Régia Franco Sousa

Abstract


Haemotropic mycoplasmas are pleomorphic, epicellular, gram-negative bacteria, which infect red blood cells. In dogs, the acute phase of this infection may lead to haemolytic anaemia potentially precipitated by splenectomy, or by immunosuppressive drugs or diseases; however, in cases of chronic infection, the signs are inapparent. Molecular techniques and microscopic observation are the most commonly used methods to diagnose mycoplasma infection, though studies about haemotropic mycoplasma infections in dogs from Cuiabá, capital of Mato Grosso, Brazil are scarce. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of mycoplasma infection, the Mycoplasma species present, and factors associated with infection in 334 dogs diagnosed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The frequency of infection was 5.4%, and M. haemocanis was the only species identified. No epidemiological factor investigated showed a statistically significant association with infection, including tick infestation.

Keywords


Epidemiological survey; Mycoplasmosis; PCR; Sequencing.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2019v40n6Supl3p3749

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
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