Molecular, serological, and parasitological detection of Babesia vogeli in dogs in the state of Piauí, Brazil

Juliana Fortes Vilarinho Braga, Francisco de Assis Leite Souza, Lucilene dos Santos Silva, Luciano Santos da Fonseca, Flaviane Alves de Pinho, Wesley Luzetti Fotoran, Eduardo Milton Ramos-Sanchez, Lívio Martins Costa-Júnior, Múcio Flávio Barbosa Ribeiro, Silvana Maria Medeiros de Sousa Silva

Abstract


Studies on canine babesiosis in northeastern Brazil are scarce, although the weather conditions in this region are favorable for the development of the tick vector. This study determined the prevalence of Babesia vogeli in dogs sampled in Teresina, state of Piauí, northeast Brazil, using direct and indirect diagnostic methods and performed a phylogenetic analysis of 18S rRNA sequences. A total of 315 dogs were screened during routine care regardless of clinical suspicion. Blood was collected by jugular venipuncture to perform indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and for parasite screening in peripheral blood smears. Positivity was 2.2% (7/315) by microscopy, 4.8% (15/315) by PCR, and 48.6% (153/315) by IFA. PCR amplified a 602-bp fragment of the piroplasmid 18S rRNA gene, and sequence alignment and analysis revealed 99% homology with B. vogeli isolates from other regions of Brazil and other countries. In addition, there was high variability among sequences from other northeast states of Brazil. This study is the first to perform the molecular analysis of B. vogeli in Piauí. The results demonstrate that canine babesiosis is endemic in dogs sampled in Teresina and that PCR may be the method of choice to perform parasite screening in this region.

Keywords


Molecular analysis; Babesiosis; Blood parasites; PCR; IFA.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2019v40n6Supl2p3035

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
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