Allelopathy of winter cover straws on the initial maize growth

Ariane Spiassi, Andréa Maria Teixeira Fortes, Dércio Ceri Pereira, Jaqueline Senen, Dayana Tomazoni

Abstract


In agricultural crops is common planting the main crop on the remains of straw harvesting the crop earlier due to no-tillage system. The straw remaining in the soil can exert positive or negative influence on the main crop through the release of organic compounds that carry allelopathy on plants of the subsequent growing. This experiment consisted of mixing and blending of different types of turnip (Brassica rapa L.), oats (Avena sativa L.), crambe (Crambe abyssinica Hochst. Ex RE Fries), Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) and rapeseed (Brassica napus L . var) in soil and placed in plastic trays where they planted the seeds of maize. The experimental design was completely randomized design with six treatments and three repetições. As ratings were: emergence, rate of emergence, shoot length, root length, root dry weight, dry weight of shoots. The cover crops canola and safflower showed a positive effect, as crambe, turnips and oats had a negative effect on initial growth of maize seedlings, are not suitable for cover crop to maize sowing.


Keywords


Allelopathy; Crambe abyssinica; Carthamus tinctorius; Zea mays; Plant cover.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2011v32n2p577

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional