Electrocardiographic and laboratory alterations in anorexic cats

Jessica Junckes, Eduarda Aléxia Nunes Louzada Dias Cavalcanti, Thames Camargo Ignácio, Roberta Oliveira de Carvalho, Guilherme Albuquerque de Oliveira Cavalcanti, Maristela Silveira Palhares

Abstract


Anorexia, the result of inadequate nutrient intake, can lead to death and is a constant problem in the feline clinic. However, we did not find any previous studies that evaluated cardiac measures in felines. Therefore, we evaluated 27 emaciated cats by means of hematological exams, urinalysis, and electrocardiography. In the serum, we noted increased creatine kinase, aspartate aminotransferase, and lactate enzyme levels. Further, 62.96% of the cats exhibited electrocardiographic alterations. The most frequent electrocardiographic changes were increased QRS complex duration and QT interval increase. As clinicians become more aware of cardiovascular complications related to malnutrition, they are better able to recognize and assist this animal class.

Keywords


Felines; Electrocardiogram; Starvation; Malnutrition.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acierno, M. J., Johnsom, M. E., Eddleman, L. A., & Mitchell, M. A. (2008). Measuring statistical agreement between four point of care (POC) lactate meters and a laboratory analyzer in cats. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 10(2), 110-114. doi: 10.1016/j.jfms.2007.07.002

Bagga, A., Tripathi, P., Jatana, V., Hari, P., Kapil, A., Srivastava, R. N., & Bhan, M. K. (2003). Bacteriuria and urinary tract infections in malnourished children. Journal of Pediatric Nephrology, 18(4), 366-370. doi: 10.1007/s00467-003-1118-0

Bouquegneau, A., Dubois, B. E., Krzesinski, J. M., & Delanaye, P. (2012). Anorexia nervosa and the kidney. American Journal of Kidney Disease, 60(2), 299-307. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2012.03.019

Fascetti, A. J., Mauldin, G. E., & Mauldin, G. N. (1997). Correlation between serum creatine kinase activities and anorexia in cats. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 11(1), 9-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.1997.tb00066.x

Franzoni, F., Mataloni, E., Femia, R., & Galetta. F. (2002). Effect of oral potassium supplementation on QT dispersion in anorexia nervosa. Acta Paediatrica, 91(6), 653-656. doi: 10.1080/080352502760069052

Gottdiener, J. S., Howard, A. G., Henry, W. L., Borer, J. S., & Ebert, M. H. (1978). Effects of self-induced starvation on cardiac size and function in anorexia nervosa. Circulation, 58(3), 425-433. doi: 10.1161/01.cir.58.3.425

Kaneko, J. J., Harvey, J. W., & Bruss, M. L (2008). Blood analyte reference values in small and some laboratory animals. In J. J. Kaneko, J. W. Harvey, & M. L. Bruss (Eds.), Clinical biochemistry of domestic animals (6nd ed., pp. 889-895). Greenwood Village: Elsevier.

Kollai, M., Bonyhay, I., Jokkel, G., & Szonyi, L. (1994). Cardiac vagal hyperactivity in adolescent anorexia nervosa. European Heart Journal, 15(8), 1113-1118. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.eurheartj.a060636

Laflamme, D. P. (1997). Development and validation of a body score system for cats: a clinical tool. Feline Practice, 25(5/6), 13-18.

Thatcher, C. D., Hand, M. S., & Remillard, R. L. (2010). Small animal clinical nutrition: an interactive process. In M. S. Hand, C. D. Thatcher, R. L. Remillard, P. Roudebush, & B. J. Novotny (Eds.), Small animal clinical nutrition (5nd ed., pp. 1-18). Topeka: Mark Morris Institute.

Tilley, L. P., & Goodwin, J. K. (2002). Manual de cardiologia para cães e gatos (3nd ed.). São Paulo: Roca.

Upegui, C. V., & Gómez, J. (2015). Alteraciones electrocardiográficas en anorexia nervosa: revisión crítica de la literatura. Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría, 44(1), 33-40. doi: 10.1016/j.rcp.2014.09.006.

Ware, W. A., & Christensen, W. F. (1999). Duration of the QT interval in healthy cats. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 60(11), 1426-1429.

Webb, C. B. (2018). Hepatic lipidosis: clinical review drawn from collective effort. Journal of Feline Medicine Surgery, 20(3), 217-227. doi: 0.1177/1098612x18758591




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2020v41n3p1061

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional