Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium in calves from rural settlements in the Northwest region of the state of São Paulo, Brazil

Lucas Vinicius Shigaki de Matos, Luiz da Silveira Neto, Bruno César Miranda Oliveira, Miriam Yumi Makatu, Julia Cestari Pierucci, Milena Araúz Viol, Jancarlo Ferreira Gomes, Gilson Pereira de Oliveira, Giovanni Widmer, Katia Denise Saraiva Bresciani

Abstract


The study was conducted on 25 properties of the settlements São José I and Salvador, located in the municipalities of Brejo Alegre and Birigui, in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. A record of variables was elaborated and included data such as gender, breed and age of the animals. A total of 231 stool samples were collected from bovines aged one to six months, 128 being females and 103 males, 131 crossbred and 100 Holstein. Among the 231 samples, 17 (7.36%) were positive for Cryptosporidium spp. both by malachite green negative staining and by nested-PCR. Of the 17 positive samples, 14 were sequenced in agarose gel. These sequences were detected between 99% and 100% of genetic similarity for the following species. One sequence was similar to C. parvum (AB513880.1), one to C. bovis (MF074602.1), two to C. ryanae (KT922233.1), one to C. felis (KM977642.1) and nine were similar for C. andersoni reference MF350628. C. andersoni was found in animals aged 2–6 months, an age group which is different from those described by several authors. The presence of C. parvum indicates that the calves in the studied region should be considered a potential source for zoonotic transmission. For the first time to our knowledge, C. felis was identified in cattle in America.

Keywords


Calves; Cryptosporidiosis; Molecular characterization; Nested-PCR.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2019v40n1p491

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional