Carbohydrate and nitrogen fractions and ruminal kinetics of dry matter and neutral detergent fiber of Tifton 85 grass (Cynodon spp.) silages

Elzânia Sales Pereira, Alex Martins Varela de Arruda, Ivone Yurika Mizubuti, Maria Andréa Borges Cavalcante, Edson Luis de Azambuja Ribeiro, Sonia Maria Pinheiro de Oliveira, Bruno Mazzer de Oliveira Ramos, Joaquim Bezerra Costa

Abstract


It was determined the nitrogen and carbohydrate fractions and dry matter (DM), and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) degradation kinetics in five silages prepared with Tifton 85 grass forage: exclusive Tifton 85, Tifton 85 silage added of corn industrial residue, Tifton 85 silage added of corn meal, Tifton 85 silage inoculated with lactobacillus and Tifton 85 silage pré-dry. The values of total carbohydrates varied from 66.32 to 73.12%, the B2 fraction varied from 35.09 a 52.27 %; and non-structural carbohydrates varied from 8.61 to 38.03%. The values obtained for the protein fractions varied from 68.08 to 82.70% for A fraction; from 1.14 to 2.97% for the B1 fraction; from 7.46 to 13.71% for the B2 fraction; from 6.09 to 12.60% for the B3 fraction; and from 0.36 to 6.71% for the C fraction. The values of effective degradability of dry matter varied from 46.93 to 63.49% for the DM, and from 33.47 to 37.84% for the NDF. The corn industrial residue and corn meal used for silage production favored the effective degradation of DM and NDF, and offered highest energy readiness for ruminal microorganisms.

Keywords


Degradation; Forages; Nutrition; Ruminants.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2007v28n3p521

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional