Yield and chemical composition of essential oil of the chamomile [Chamomilla recutita (L.) Raeuchert] extracted for steam distillation

Aurélio Vinicius Borsato, Luiz Doni-Filho, Lílian Cristina Côcco, Edmilson Cezar Paglia

Abstract


The distillation process was periodically monitored, on Campo Largo-PR, in “CHAMEL Ind. e Com. De Produtos Naturais LTDA.”, in the 2005 harvest. The hydrodistillation and GC-MS analyses were done in the UFPR Laboratories. The obtained data indicate that the chamomile essential oil extracted through the distiller model used presented low quality. Great part of the essential oil, besides their main components, it was being lost with the hidrolato. In the distillation process the periodic evaluation of quality and efficiency indicators is indispensable to establish appropriate operational conditions.


Keywords


Alpha-bisabolol; Chamazulene; GC-MS.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2008v29n1p129

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional