Severity of leaf diseases in maize inbred lines with different kernel hardness in two sowing seasons

Cecília Aparecida Spada, Marcos Ventura Faria, Marcelo Cruz Mendes, Welton Luiz Zaluski, Emanuel Gava, Carlos Augusto da Silva, Diego Fernando de Marck, Cacilda Márcia Duarte Rios Faria

Abstract


Resistance of maize inbred lines to major leaf diseases should be characterized for the development of new hybrids in breeding programs. Thus, this study aimed to assess the severity of leaf diseases in maize inbredlines with different kernel hardnessand two sowingseasons. We assessed four inbred lines and one check hybrid with dent kernels and four inbred lines and a check hybrid with flint kernels. Treatments were conducted in two sowing seasons, one in October, and another in December 2013. The symptoms of gray leaf spot (Cercospora zeae-maydis), northern leaf blight (Exserohilum turcicum), and white leaf spot (a complex of Phaeosphaeria maydis and Pantoea ananatis) were assessed every 10 days from flowering. The area under the disease progress curve was also calculated. Severity level of the diseases was higher in inbred lines when compared to the check hybrds (AG8041 PRO and P30R50YH), regardless of kernel hardness. Dent-kernel inbred lines showed a higher severity of northern leaf blight symptoms when compared to flint-kernelones. It is worth mentioning that disease severity increased as sowing was delayed.

Keywords


Cercospora zeae-maydis; Exserohilum turcicum; Pantoea ananatis; Phaeosphaeria maydis; Zea mays.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2018v39n1p29

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional