Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of agricultural by-products from wine production

Ciriele Boeira Cataneo, Vinícius Caliari, Luciano Valdemiro Gonzaga, Eugênia Marta Kuskoski, Roseane Fett

Abstract


The present work aimed to investigate the antioxidant properties of byproducts derived from wine production. The varieties of PINOT GRIS and COUDERC 13 grapes, collected in Videira-SC, were analyzed as natural sources of polyphenols and other prophylactic agents (antioxidants) for application in food and phytochemical industries. The biomass used for extracts was ground and dried in different temperatures (45oC, 60oC e 80oC), using acetone 80% as solvent. The phenolic compounds were quantitatively evaluated by the Folin-Ciocalteu method and the results expressed in mg/100g of Gallic acid. For the flavonoids analysis, it was applied DMACA (p- Dimethylaminocinnamaldehye) method and the results were expressed in equivalent mg of catechin/100g sample. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by spectrophotometric method through the discoloration of ABTS•+ radical (2,2'-azino-bis[3- ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid]) with potassium persulphate and by DPPH method, which is based on the reduction of DPPH• radical absorbance by antioxidant substances; the results were expressed in TEAC (antioxidant activity equivalent to Trolox) and VCEAC (antioxidant activity equivalent to vitamin C). It was observed a better antioxidant activity on extracts obtained from PINOT GRIS grapes, in which the 45 oC dried extracts presented a higher number of phenolic compounds and flavonoids, as well as a better antioxidant activity in both varieties. These information become useful for phenolic compounds identifying and for a possible using of these extracts as a secure additive in food industry.


Keywords


Antioxidant activity; Grape extracts; Phenolic compounds.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2008v29n1p93

Semina: Ciênc. Agrár.
Londrina - PR
E-ISSN 1679-0359
DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359
E-mail: semina.agrarias@uel.br
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional